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A transgenic rat was established using the construct of porcine FSHbeta subunit promoter, the -852/+10 bp region, fused to a Herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) gene. Integration of the transgene was confirmed by PCR of tail DNA. RT-PCR of total RNAs of the pituitary, gonad, cerebellum, liver, kidney, adrenal gland, prostate, and uterus revealed(More)
Currently, no blood biomarker that specifically indicates injury to the proximal tubule of the kidney has been identified. Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) is highly upregulated in proximal tubular cells following kidney injury. The ectodomain of KIM-1 is shed into the lumen, and serves as a urinary biomarker of kidney injury. We report that shed KIM-1 also(More)
Recently, it was reported that the intraperitoneal administration of 30 mg/kg/day troglitazone to heterozygous superoxide dismutase 2 gene knockout (Sod2+/-) mice for twenty-eight days caused liver injury, manifested by increased serum ALT activity and hepatic necrosis. Therefore, we evaluated the reproducibility of troglitazone-induced liver injury in(More)
Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) has been qualified by the Food and Drug Administration and European Medicines Agency as a urinary biomarker to monitor preclinical nephrotoxicity in rats and on a case-by-case basis for the translation of potentially nephrotoxic drugs into first-in human studies. Although mouse models are widely employed in preclinical(More)
To examine morphological and gene expression changes induced by T-2 toxin in the fetal brain in detail, pregnant rats on day 13 of gestation were treated orally with a single dose of T-2 toxin (2 mg/kg) and sacrificed at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 24 h after treatment (HAT). Histopathologically, the number of apoptotic neuroepithelial cells in the telencephalon(More)
Phenobarbital (PB) increases serum total cholesterol levels in rodents and humans. To investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms, we performed a microarray analysis on liver of rats treated repeatedly with 100 mg/kg PB, and examined the serum blood chemistry. The serum concentration of non-esterified fatty acids was decreased from day 1 to day 14(More)
Male F344 rats were intravenously treated with 6 mg/kg cycloheximide (CHX), and microarray analysis was conducted on their livers 1, 2 and 6h after the CHX treatment. The histopathological examination and serum chemistry results indicated a mild hepatic cell death 2 and 6h after the CHX treatment, respectively. Multi-focal hepatocellular necrosis with(More)
Hereditary renal carcinomas in the Eker rat are caused by germline retrotransposon insertion in the tuberous sclerosis-2 (Tsc2) gene. We established previously a transgenic Eker rat model into which was introduced a wild-type Tsc2 gene. The embryonic lethality of mutant homozygotes and renal carcinogenesis of heterozygotes were completely suppressed by this(More)
Hepatic P450 monooxygenase activities, assessed by measurement of 7-alkoxycoumarin O-dealkylase (ACD) activities, show obvious daily fluctuations in male rats with high values during the dark period and low values during the light period. We have already confirmed that the ACD activities are controlled by the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), which is well(More)
Pregnant rats on day 13 of gestation were treated orally with T-2 toxin at a single dose of 2 mg/kg and sacrificed at 24 hours after treatment. Histopathologically, apoptosis was increased in the liver, placenta and fetal liver. Microarray analysis was performed to examine the gene expression in the liver, placenta, and fetal liver. The results of(More)