Kazumi Funane

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cDNA clones encoding an isoform of starch branching enzyme, RBE4, have been identified from a developing rice seed cDNA library, using a synthetic oligonucleotide probe corresponding to the N-terminal amino acid sequence of RBE4. The cDNA-derived amino acid sequence indicated that RBE4 is initially produced as a precursor protein of 841 amino acids,(More)
Dextransucrase S (DSRS) is the only active glucansucrase that has been found in Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-512F strain. Native DSRS produces mainly 6-linked glucopyranosyl residue (Glcp), while Escherichia coli recombinant DSRS was observed to produce a glucan consisting of 70% 6-linked Glcp and 15% 3,6-Glcp. Lys residues were introduced at the(More)
Two dextransucrase genes, dsrS and dsrT5, from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-512F were expressed in Escherichia coli, and recombinant dsrT5 dextransucrase was shown to produce a water-insoluble glucan. In contrast, native dextran from L. mesenteroides B-512F is water-soluble. The water-insoluble glucan was shown by 13C NMR and glycosyl-linkage(More)
Purified dextransucrases [EC], DSW-D and DSW-G, from Leuconostoc mesenteroides B-512F were obtained from affinity chromatography with DEAE-Sephadex A-50 by elution with clinical dextran and guanidine-HCl, respectively. DSM-G was purified from the B-512F mutant strain SH 3002, which produces dextransucrase constitutively. Although the sugar contents(More)
A gene, dsrT, encoding a dextransucrase-like protein was isolated from the genomic DNA libraries of Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-512F dextransucrase-like gene. The gene was similar to the intact open reading frames of the dextransucrase gene dsrS of L. mesenteroides NRRL B-512F, dextransucrase genes of strain NRRL B-1299 and streptococcal(More)
Plants use UDP-arabinofuranose (UDP-Araf) to donate Araf residues in the biosynthesis of Araf-containing complex carbohydrates. UDP-Araf itself is formed from UDP-arabinopyranose (UDP-Arap) by UDP-arabinopyranose mutase (UAM). However, the mechanism by which this enzyme catalyzes the interconversion of UDP-Arap and UDP-Araf has not been determined. To gain(More)
A gene that encodes dextransucrase S (dsrS) from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-512F encodes a glucansucrase dextransucrase S (DSRS) which mainly produces water-soluble glucan (dextran), while the dsrT5 gene derived from dsrT of the B-512F strain encodes an enzyme dextransucrase T5 (DSRT5), which mainly produces water-insoluble glucan. Tyr340-Asn510 of(More)
Novel cyclic isomaltooligosaccharides, cyclodextran, strongly inhibited the dextransucrase reaction. The inhibition was dependent on the cyclodextran concentration and greatly enhanced by the first incubation at 30 degrees for 30 min. Cyclodextran-heptaose and -octaose were competitive inhibitors for sucrose yielding Ki's of 0.25 and 0.64 mM, respectively.(More)
The molecular structure of the T4 phage tail sheath protein, gp18, was studied by limited proteolysis, immunoblotting, and immunoelectron microscopy. Gp18 is extremely resistant to proteolysis in the assembled form of either extended or contracted sheaths, but it is readily cleaved by proteases in the monomeric form, giving rise to stable protease-resistant(More)
The treatment of Leuconostoc mesenteroides B-512F dextransucrase with 10 mM 1-ethyl-3-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]carbodiimide (EDC) and glycine ethyl ester (GEE) inactivated the enzyme almost completely within 24 min where the modification of one carboxyl group/mol of the enzyme by EDC was attained. Though 30 mM diethyl pyrocarbonate (DEP) also inactivated(More)