Kazumi Akimoto

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Protein kinase C (PKC)-related cDNA clones isolated from cDNA libraries of mouse P19 embryonal carcinoma cells and mouse brain encoded a 67-kDa protein, PKC lambda. PKC lambda shows the highest amino acid sequence identity with PKC zeta (72%), the third class of the PKC family. Northern blot analysis showed that the mRNA for PKC lambda is expressed in a(More)
Phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase contributes to a wide variety of biological actions, including insulin stimulation of glucose transport in adipocytes. Both Akt (protein kinase B), a serine-threonine kinase with a pleckstrin homology domain, and atypical isoforms of protein kinase C (PKCzeta and PKClambda) have been implicated as downstream effectors of PI(More)
Water extracts of the mycelial culture and fruiting bodies of Agaricus blazei Murill were fractionated by ethanol precipitation using various ethanol concentrations. Original water extracts from mycelia (Fraction A-0) and fruiting bodies (Fraction B-0) induced TNF-alpha secretion by macrophages derived from rat bone marrow. Fractions B-4 and B-5 obtained(More)
Overexpression of a TPA-insensitive PKC member, an atypical protein kinase C (aPKClambda), results in an enhancement of the transcriptional activation of TPA response element (TRE) in cells stimulated with epidermal growth factor (EGF) or platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). EGF or PDGF also caused a transient increase in the in vivo phosphorylation level(More)
When macrophages were cultured with lactoferrin, cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha), interleukin 8 (IL-8) and nitric oxide (NO) were secreted. Secretion of TNF-alpha peaked at 6 h of incubation in the presence of lactoferrin and then declined. About 80% of the maximum secretion of IL-8 was observed at 6 h of incubation. The concentration of(More)
We investigated the effects of high concentrations of glucose on plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene expression in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). In response to a high glucose concentration (27.5 mM), PAI-1 mRNA increased within 2 h, peaked at 4 h, remained elevated for another 4 h, then decreased to basal levels at 24 h. On(More)
BACKGROUND The use of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is well established as an initial therapy for Kawasaki disease (KD), but treatment for IVIG-resistant KD remains uncertain AIM To analyse the effects of intravenous methylprednisolone (IVMP) pulse therapy compared with additional IVIG in IVIG-resistant patients. METHODS IVMP was administered to(More)
We established a rat chronic alveolar hypoxia in vivo model to evaluate the efficacy against hypoxic pulmonary hypertension of a new angiotensin II-receptor I blocker, olmesartan medoxomil. Three groups of rats were established: rats exposed for 2-6 weeks to 10% oxygen atmosphere in a normobaric chamber; hypoxic rats treated with olmesartan medoxomil oral(More)
p70 S6 kinase (p70 S6K) has been implicated in the regulation of cell cycle progression. However, the mechanism of its activation is not fully understood. In the present work, evidence is provided that an atypical protein kinase C (PKC) isotype, PKClambda, is indispensable, but not sufficient, for the activation of p70 S6K. Both the regulatory and kinase(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the analysis of hydroxyproline and proline has been developed. The method is based on the derivatization of the secondary amino group with dabsyl-chloride after blocking of the primary amino group with o-phthalaldehyde. Dabsyl-hydroxyproline and dabsyl-proline were separated from other amino acids by(More)