Learn More
Recent experimental studies have revealed that tumour-associated stromal macrophages as well as tumour cells express vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C), which plays important roles in lymphangiogenesis, which is a critical factor in the progression of many malignant tumours including non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, no clinical study(More)
Eight cDNAs encoding galectin 4 (Gal-4), UGT2B4 (UDP-glucuronosyltransferase), ribosomal phosphoprotein P0 (rpP0), dek, insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP) 1, vitronectin, retinoic acid-induced gene E (RIG-E), and CYP3A4 (cytochrome P450 nifedipine oxidase) were identified as differentially expressed genes between human hepatocellular(More)
The use of probe substrates and combinations of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter knockout (KO) animals may facilitate the identification of common substrates between apparently unrelated ABC transporters. An unexpectedly low concentration of the purine nucleotide analogue, 9-(2-(phosphonomethoxy)ethyl)-adenine (PMEA), and up-regulation of Abcg2 in(More)
Thiopurines are effective immunosuppressants and anticancer agents, but intracellular accumulation of their active metabolites (6-thioguanine nucleotides, 6-TGN) causes dose-limiting hematopoietic toxicity. Thiopurine S-methyltransferase deficiency is known to exacerbate thiopurine toxicity. However, many patients are highly sensitive to thiopurines for(More)
Thioredoxin (TRX), a disulfide-reducing intracellular protein, functions as a cellular defense mechanism against oxidative stress. In this study, we asked whether expression of TRX, glutathione-thiol transferase pi, and high mobility group protein 1 (HMG-1) genes is enhanced in human hepatocellular carcinoma and whether expression of these genes is(More)
PURPOSE Aurora-A, also known as STK15/BTAK, is a member of the protein serine/threonine kinase family, and experimental studies have revealed that Aurora-A plays critical roles in cell mitosis and in carcinogenesis. However, no clinical studies on Aurora-A expression in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have been reported. Thus, the present study was(More)
Liver metastasis is one of the most important prognostic factors in lung cancer patients. However, current therapies are not sufficient. RNA interference provides us a powerful and promising approach for treating human diseases including cancers. Herein, we investigated the in vitro effects of PLK-1 small interfering RNA (siRNA) on human lung cancer cell(More)
  • Fumihiro Tanaka, Kazumasa Takenaka, +5 authors Hiromi Wada
  • 2004
OBJECTIVE To reveal the incidence and clinical significance of mediastinal nodal metastases without N1-station nodal metastases ('skip-N2 metastases') in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS A total of 450 NSCLC patients who underwent tumor resection with a systemic mediastinal nodal dissection were retrospectively reviewed. p53 status and(More)
Glomeruloid microvascular proliferation (GMP) is a focal proliferative budding of endothelial cells (ECs) resembling a renal glomerulus. Whereas some experimental and clinical studies have suggested recently that GMPs indicate an aggressive angiogenic phenotype, the incidence and clinical significance of GMPs remains unclear. Thus, we conducted a(More)
Thiopurines are effective immunosuppressants and antican-cer agents, but intracellular accumulation of their active metabolites (6-thioguanine nucleotides, 6-TGN) causes dose-limiting hematopoietic toxicity. Thiopurine S-methyltransferase deficiency is known to exacerbate thiopurine toxicity. However , many patients are highly sensitive to thiopurines for(More)