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Thiopurines are effective immunosuppressants and anticancer agents, but intracellular accumulation of their active metabolites (6-thioguanine nucleotides, 6-TGN) causes dose-limiting hematopoietic toxicity. Thiopurine S-methyltransferase deficiency is known to exacerbate thiopurine toxicity. However, many patients are highly sensitive to thiopurines for(More)
Maspin is a member of the serpin (serine protease inhibitor) superfamily, and some experimental studies revealed a potential tumor suppressor activity of maspin. To reveal clinical significance of maspin status in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we quantitatively evaluated maspin gene expression in lung primary tumors cut from a total of 55 resected(More)
PURPOSE The purpose is to assess clinical significance of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 status, especially MMP-2 status, in stromal cells in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) because experimental studies have revealed that stromal MMP-2 plays important roles in progression of malignant tumors, but most clinical studies focused on tumoral MMP-2(More)
The use of probe substrates and combinations of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter knockout (KO) animals may facilitate the identification of common substrates between apparently unrelated ABC transporters. An unexpectedly low concentration of the purine nucleotide analogue, 9-(2-(phosphonomethoxy)ethyl)-adenine (PMEA), and up-regulation of Abcg2 in(More)
Reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK) is a novel membrane-anchored matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor, and experimental studies have shown that RECK can suppress tumor progression through angiogenesis inhibition. We have already revealed that enhanced RECK expression is significantly correlated with a favorable prognosis in(More)
PURPOSE MAGE-D4, originally termed MAGE-E1, is a novel MAGE family gene that is expressed at high levels in malignant tumors as compared to normal tissue. The present study was conducted to assess the clinical significance of MAGE-D4 expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Expression of MAGE-D4 protein was estimated by(More)
BACKGROUND MUC1 is a transmembrane mucin that plays an important role in tumor progression. Many clinical studies have suggested that the expression pattern of MUC1 core protein can be a useful prognostic marker in various malignancies, but the prognostic significance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains uncertain. We performed a study to assess(More)
Maspin is a member of the serpin (serine protease inhibitor) superfamily, and its exact function in the development and progression of malignant tumors remains controversial, though some experimental studies have revealed potential tumor-suppressor activities. In addition, there have been only a few clinical studies on maspin expression in malignant tumors(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In this paper we examined the influence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations on EGFR expression, downstream mediators, and survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the tumors of 53 patients with completely resected pathological stage I-IIIA NSCLC for(More)
The reversion-inducing-cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK) was initially isolated as a transformation-suppressor gene by expression cloning and found to encode a membrane-anchored regulator of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Experimental studies have shown that RECK can suppress tumour - invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis. However, the(More)