Kazumasa Matsumoto

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1. The responses of single neurons in the anterior part of the temporal cortex in monkeys, mainly the temporopolar cortex, area 36, and the most anterior part of area TE of von Bonin and Bailey (1947) (these areas were designated here as the temporal pole), were examined during the performance of a visual recognition memory task. The visual stimulus (sample(More)
Secondary elevations in extracellular amino acids occur during reperfusion after transient cerebral ischemia. The delayed accumulation of excitatory amino acids may contribute to the progressive development of neuronal injury. In this study, we explored the mechanisms that may be involved in this phenomenon. Microdialysis samples from probes located in(More)
Optical quantum information processing needs ultra-bright sources of entangled photons, especially from synchronizable femtosecond lasers and low-cost cw-diode lasers. Decoherence due to timing information and spatial mode-dependent phase has traditionally limited the brightness of such sources. We report on a variety of methods to optimize type-I(More)
The definition of blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage in cerebral ischemia using contrast-enhanced MRI has not been clearly correlated to the spread of edema or other histological measures of barrier disruption. In this study, we used a rabbit model of focal cerebral ischemia to compare GdDTPA-enhanced MRI with spin-echo images of brain injury and(More)
Ultrahigh resolution two and three-dimensional optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging was performed using a miniaturized, two-axis scanning catheter based upon microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) mirror technology. The catheter incorporated a custom-designed and fabricated, 1-mm diameter MEMS mirror driven by angular vertical comb (AVC) actuators on(More)
Recently, diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) has been shown to visualize acute ischemic lesions in the brain before changes are observable with conventional magnetic resonance imaging. However, the underlying mechanisms of these acute DWI changes are unclear and may include both reversible and irreversible damage. In this study, we(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the association between the expression of nestin, a class VI intermediate filament protein, and pathologic features or survival in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB). METHODS Nestin expression in tumor cells was immunohistochemically studied in 93 patients with UCB who underwent radical cystectomy with pelvic(More)
Taltirelin hydrate[1-methyl-(S)-4,5-dihydroorotyl-L-histidyl-L-prolineamide tetrahydrate] is a new orally active thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) peptide analog synthetized from aspartic acid. From preclinical studies with mice and rats, Taltirelin hydrate was found to be highly stable in the blood and brain as compared with TRH. Furthermore, the CNS(More)
BACKGROUND Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become a promising diagnostic tool in many medical fields. In particular, noninvasive real-time optical biopsy of internal organs is one of the most attractive applications of OCT, enabling in situ diagnosis of carcinoma at an early stage. We used an ultra-high speed OCT system for real-time(More)
The cumulative chi-squared statistic has been proposed for testing against ordered alternatives in various statistical models. As usual statistical tests of ordered column categorical data, the chi 2 test, Fisher's exact test and Wilcoxon test are used. Pharmacological studies often are performed by multiple dosing. Data obtained from these studies are(More)