Kazumasa Matsumoto

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For the detection and identification of predominant bacteria in human feces, 16S rRNA-gene-targeted group-specific primers for the Bacteroides fragilis group, Bifidobacterium, the Clostridium coccoides group, and Prevotella were designed and evaluated. The specificity of these primers was confirmed by using DNA extracted from 90 species that are commonly(More)
A highly sensitive quantitative PCR detection method has been developed and applied to the distribution analysis of human intestinal bifidobacteria by combining real-time PCR with Bifidobacterium genus- and species-specific primers. Real-time PCR detection of serially diluted DNA extracted from cultured bifidobacteria was linear for cell counts ranging from(More)
OBJECTIVE • To compare oncological outcomes in patients undergoing open radical nephroureterectomy (ONU) with those in patients undergoing laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy (LNU). PATIENTS AND METHODS • A total of 773 patients underwent radical nephroureterectomy at nine centres worldwide; 703 patients underwent ONU and 70 underwent LNU. •(More)
Urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) is an especially complex and heterogeneous disease with a broad spectrum of histologic findings and potentially lethal behavior. Despite advances in surgical techniques, as well as intravesical and systemic therapies, up to 30% of patients with non-muscle-invasive UCB and 50% of patients with muscle-invasive UCB(More)
PURPOSE Several preoperative prostate cancer nomograms have been developed that predict risk of progression using pretreatment prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, clinical stage, and biopsy Gleason grade. We describe the development and performance of a new nomogram. The nomogram adds new markers to the standard clinical predictors that reflect the(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the colonization status of Clostridium difficile in healthy individuals. In total, 139 healthy adults from two study groups were examined at intervals of 3 months. Among the 18 positive subjects, the number of subjects from whom C. difficile was isolated once, twice, three times or four times was 10 (55.6%),(More)
OBJECTIVES To perform systemic 22-core transperineal ultrasound-guided template prostate biopsies in patients with previous negative transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy findings and evaluate the cancer core distribution. METHODS Between April 2001 and December 2003, 128 men underwent systemic ultrasound-guided biopsy using the transperineal(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the prevalence of fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli before transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy and prospectively analyze the rates of infective complications after biopsy in patients receiving fluoroquinolone prophylaxis. E. coli is the pathogen most commonly associated with infections after TRUS-guided prostate(More)
BACKGROUND Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) identified following pathologic slide review has been shown to be an independent predictor of recurrence-free survival (RFS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in a multicenter series of patients undergoing radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). However, the validity of(More)
BACKGROUND The prognostic impact of multifocal upper-tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between tumor multifocality and clinicopathologic features and outcomes of UTUC in patients managed by radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS The study included 2492 patients(More)