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To examine the role of sialic acid in the respiratory tract, the influence of neuraminidase from Clostridium perfringens was investigated on contractions of isolated guinea-pig and rat trachea and on histamine release from guinea-pig lung tissue. Treatment with 2.0 units/ml of neuraminidase at 37 degrees C and pH 7.4 for 30 min caused an approximately 60%(More)
A sensitive nanosized molybdenum oxide (MoO(x)) photodetector is manufactured at a desired position by electron-beam-induced deposition (EBID). As-deposited MoO(x) had a conductivity approximately 300 S cm(-1). After 2 h annealing at 573 K, the conductivity of nanowires decreased 10 times to approximately 30 S cm(-1) and MoO(x) had photoconductivity.(More)
Superconductors host collective modes that can be manipulated with light. We show that a strong terahertz light field can induce oscillations of the superconducting order parameter in NbN with twice the frequency of the terahertz field. The result can be captured as a collective precession of Anderson's pseudospins in ac driving fields. A resonance between(More)
For epitaxial NbN films with thickness d, 2.0 nm ≤ d ≤ 20.5 nm, we observed a sharp superconducting transition, for which the transition temperature T(c) monotonically decreased with increasing 1/d. Regarding the suppression of T(c), the sheet resistance R(sq) dependence of T(c) closely fitted the Finkel'stein formula from localization theory, with a(More)
We developed a single-flux-quantum (SFQ) readout technology for superconducting single-photon detectors (SSPDs) to achieve low-jitter signal readout. By optimizing circuit parameters of the SFQ readout circuit, the input current sensitivity was improved below 10 μA, which is smaller than a typical critical current of SSPD. The experiment using a(More)
We demonstrate the successful operation of a multielement superconducting nanowire single-photon detector (SSPD) array integrated with a single-flux-quantum (SFQ) readout circuit in a compact 0.1 W Gifford-McMahon cryocooler. A time-resolved readout technique, where output signals from each element enter the SFQ readout circuit with finite time intervals,(More)
Ultrafast responses of BCS superconductor Nb(1-x)Ti(x)N films in a nonadiabatic excitation regime were investigated by using terahertz (THz) pump-THz probe spectroscopy. After an instantaneous excitation with the monocycle THz pump pulse, a transient oscillation emerges in the electromagnetic response in the BCS gap energy region. The oscillation frequency(More)
We have investigated the superconductor-insulator transition in molybdenum nitride films prepared by deposition onto MgO substrates. It is indicated that the T c depression from [Formula: see text] for thick films with increase of the normal state sheet resistance [Formula: see text] was well explained by the Finkel'stein formula from the localization(More)
In this study, we investigated the electrical transport properties of niobium titanium nitride (NbTiN) nanowire with four-terminal geometries to clarify the superconducting phase slip phenomena and superconducting-insulator transitions (SIT) for one-dimensional superconductors. We fabricated various nanowires with different widths and lengths from epitaxial(More)