Kazuma Yamakawa

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BACKGROUND Differential lung ventilation (DLV) is used to salvage ventilatory support in severe unilateral lung disease in the critical care setting. However, DLV with a double-lumen tube is associated with serious complications such as tube displacement during ventilatory management. Thus, long-term ventilatory management with this method may be associated(More)
INTRODUCTION Cross-talk between the coagulation system and inflammatory reactions during sepsis causes organ damage followed by multiple organ dysfunction syndrome or even death. Therefore, anticoagulant therapies have been expected to be beneficial in the treatment of severe sepsis. Recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rhTM) binds to thrombin to(More)
INTRODUCTION Whole-body computed tomography (CT) has gained importance in the early diagnostic phase of trauma care. However, the diagnostic value of CT for seriously injured patients is not thoroughly clarified. This study assessed whether preoperative CT beneficially affected survival of patients with blunt trauma who required emergency bleeding control.(More)
PURPOSE Evidence of efficacy and safety of, and especially mortality related to, recombinant human thrombomodulin (rhTM) treatment for sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is limited. We hypothesized that patients with sepsis-induced DIC receiving treatment with rhTM would have improved mortality compared with those with similar(More)
BACKGROUND The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a pattern-recognition receptor involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. However, the significance of the soluble isoform of RAGE (sRAGE) has not been clarified in critical illness. We investigated circulating sRAGE in blood samples from septic patients. METHODS In this(More)
Recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rhTM) is a novel class of anticoagulants for treating disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Although rhTM is widely used in clinical settings throughout Japan, there is limited clinical evidence supporting the use of rhTM in patients with sepsis-induced DIC. Furthermore, rhTM is not approved for DIC(More)
BACKGROUND Little evidence supports anticoagulant therapy as effective adjuvant therapy to reduce mortality overall in sepsis. However, several studies suggest that anticoagulant therapy may reduce mortality in specific patients. This study aimed to identify a subset of patients with high benefit profiles for anticoagulant therapy against sepsis. METHODS(More)
Severe sepsis is a major concern in the intensive care unit (ICU), although there is very little epidemiological information regarding severe sepsis in Japan. This study evaluated 3195 patients with severe sepsis in 42 ICUs throughout Japan. The patients with severe sepsis had a mean age of 70 ± 15 years and a mean Acute Physiology and Chronic Health(More)
Patients with crush injury often present systemic inflammatory response syndrome and fall into multiple organ failure. The mechanism by which the local tissue damage induces distant organ failure is still unclear. We focused on high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) as one of the damage-associated molecular pattern molecules that cause systemic(More)
INTRODUCTION The safety and efficacy of recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rhTM) have been demonstrated, with promising evidence suggestive of efficacy for patients with severe sepsis involving coagulopathy in a phase IIb randomized controlled trial. However, the benefit profiles of rhTM have not been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to(More)