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Ageing is the predominant risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and contributes to a significantly worse outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as crucial regulators of cardiovascular function and some miRNAs have key roles in ageing. We propose that altered expression of miRNAs in the heart during ageing(More)
The majority of the patients enrolled in the rivaroxaban vs. warfarin in Japanese patients with atrial fibrillation (J-ROCKET AF) trial had hypertension. In this subgroup analysis, we investigated differences in the safety and efficacy of rivaroxaban and warfarin in subjects with and without hypertension. The baseline blood pressure (BP) measurements of(More)
Angiotensin (Ang) II type 1 receptor blockers have demonstrated beneficial effects beyond blood pressure control in the treatment of chronic kidney disease. There is clinical evidence that telmisartan is more effective than losartan in reducing proteinuria in hypertensive patients with diabetic nephropathy, because it is a partial agonist of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the regulation and function of micro-RNAs (miRs) in bone marrow-mononuclear cells (BMCs). BACKGROUND Although cell therapy with BMCs may represent a therapeutic option to treat patients with heart disease, the impaired functionality of patient-derived cells remains a major challenge. Small noncoding miRs(More)
BACKGROUND Cell therapy is a promising option to improve functional recovery after ischemia. Several subsets of bone marrow-derived cells were shown to reduce infarct size and increase ejection fraction in experimental models of ischemia. The mechanisms underlying the functional improvement are diverse and have been shown to include paracrine effects of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To test whether preconditioning with a toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 agonist protects against myocardial ischemia and reperfusion by interfering with chemokine CXCL1 release from cardiomyocytes. DESIGN C3H mice were challenged with vehicle or synthetic TLR2 agonist Pam3Cys-Ser-Lys4 (Pam3CSK4; 1 mg/kg) 24 hrs before myocardial ischemia (20 mins) and(More)
BACKGROUND Cell therapy with bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BMCs) can improve recovery of cardiac function after ischemia; however, the molecular mechanisms are not yet fully understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulators of gene expression and modulate the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS We demonstrated that(More)
AIMS We aimed to characterize the influence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) on the metabolic activity of the bone marrow (BM) and on the composition and functional activity of BM-derived mononuclear cells (BMC). Acute ischaemia or other stressors induce the mobilization of progenitor cells from the BM stem cell niche. The effect of AMI on the numbers(More)
Both angiotensin II (Ang II) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 are thought to be involved in the progression of chronic kidney disease. In contrast, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) counteracts the actions of Ang II and TGF-β1. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of how HGF antagonizes the Ang II-TGF-β axis in renal cells.(More)
Although both hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are potent angiogenic growth factors in animal models of ischemia, their characteristics are not the same in animal experiments and clinical trials. To elucidate the discrepancy between HGF and VEGF, we compared the effects of HGF and VEGF on endothelial progenitor(More)