Kazuko Watanabe

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Efferent projections of the zona incerta were examined in the rat using the autoradiographic and horseradish peroxidase methods, with special reference to the cytoarchitectonic structure of the zona incerta. Autoradiographic experiments showed that the incertofugal fiber systems reach ipsilaterally to the thalamus (lateral dorsal, central lateral, ventral(More)
The involvement of glucocorticoid response in the hippocampal changes in aged SAMP8 mice after removal of their upper molar teeth (molarless condition) was examined using biochemical, morphological and behavioral techniques. Molarless mice showed plasma corticosterone levels to be significantly greater than those in molar-intact control mice. Pretreatment(More)
We examined the effect of the molarless condition on the dendritic spines of hippocampal pyramidal cells in SAMP8 mice in comparison to its effect on learning ability in a maze test. The molarless condition caused a decrease in the number of the spines of CA1 pyramidal cells only in the aged mice showing a reduced learning ability. The results suggest the(More)
The involvement of dysfunctional teeth in senile hippocampal activity was evaluated by examining, in aged SAMP8 mice, the effect of cutting off the upper molars (molarless condition) on hippocampal induction of the protein product, Fos, of the immediate early gene, c-fos, and on spatial performance in a water maze. The molarless condition caused a reduction(More)
We investigated the effect of dysfunctional teeth on age-related changes in the septohippocampal cholinergic system by assessing acetylcholine (ACh) release and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity in the hippocampus and ChAT immunohistochemistry in the medial septal nucleus and the vertical limb of the diagonal band in young-adult and aged SAMP8 mice(More)
From the perspective of comparative morphology, the distribution of non-monoaminergic neurons in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) was investigated using an immunohistochemical method with specific antibodies to tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and aromatic-L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC).TH-immunoreactive (IR) neurons (but not AADC-IR) neurons were(More)
The Kana Pick-out Test (KPT), which uses Kana or Japanese symbols that represent syllables, requires parallel processing of discrete (pick-out) and continuous (reading) dual tasks. As a dual task, the KPT is thought to test working memory and executive function, particularly in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), and is widely used in Japan as a clinical screen(More)
The pretectum is one of the primary visual centers, and plays an important role in the visuomotor reflexes. It also receives projections from the cerebellar nuclei that are considered to regulate these reflexes. Gamma aminobutylic acid (GABA) and glutamate are supposed to be two major neurotransmitters of the projection neurons of the cerebellar nuclei. We(More)
After an injection of [3H]D-aspartate into the olfactory bulb of the rat, retrogradely labeled cells were detected bilaterally in the anterior olfactory nucleus (AON), and ipsilaterally in the pyriform cortex (PC) and nucleus of the lateral olfactory tract (NLOT). These results suggest a certain selective retrograde transport of this amino acid, and are(More)
The parabigeminal nucleus of the rat was made up of the dorsal, middle and ventral subgroups. When HRP was introduced into the superficial layer of the superior colliculus, labeled neurons were observed in the ipsilateral dorsal and ventral subgroups and in the contralateral middle subgroup. It was demonstrated that neurons of the dorsal and ventral(More)