Kazuko Shibuya

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DNA demethylation plays a critical role in transcriptional regulation in differentiated somatic cells. However, there is no experimental evidence that CpG methylation in a small region of a genome restricts gene expression. Here, we show that the anti-CD3repsilon/CD28 antibody stimulation of human CD4+ T cells induces IL2 expression following epigenetic(More)
NK cells use a variety of receptors to detect abnormal cells, including tumors and their metastases. However, in the case of melanoma, it remains to be determined what specific molecular interactions are involved and whether NK cells control metastatic progression and/or the route of dissemination. Here we show that human melanoma cell lines derived from LN(More)
Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening immediate hypersensitivity reaction triggered by antigen capture by immunoglobulin E (IgE) bound to the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcvarepsilonRI) on mast cells. However, the regulatory mechanism of mast cell activation is not completely understood. Here we identify an immunoglobulin-like receptor, Allergin-1, that(More)
The poliovirus receptor CD155 and its family member CD112 (nectin-2) are the ligands for the activating cell-surface receptor DNAM-1 on CD8+ T cells and natural killer (NK) cells. Here, we demonstrate that, whereas the RMA tumor grew in syngeneic mice, DNAM-1 ligand-transduced RMA was rejected, in which CD8+ T cells and NK cells played an essential role.(More)
DAP12, an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif-bearing adapter protein, is involved in innate immunity mediated by natural killer cells and myeloid cells. We show that DAP12-deficient mouse B cells and B cells from a patient with Nasu-Hakola disease, a recessive genetic disorder resulting from loss of DAP12, showed enhanced proliferation after(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the role of T cells in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS Renal biopsy specimens from 12 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus were used for the experiments. We analyzed T cell receptor (TCR) Vbeta1-20 family genes on intrarenal T cells and on peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) by nested reverse(More)
Epithelial tissues continually undergo apoptosis. Commensal organisms that inhabit the epithelium influence tissue homeostasis, in which regulatory T cells (Treg cells) have a central role. However, the physiological importance of epithelial cell apoptosis and how the number of Treg cells is regulated are both incompletely understood. Here we found that(More)
Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are specialized antigen-presenting cells to cognate B cells in the follicle of the lymphoid tissues. FDC also support survival and proliferation of the B cells, leading to the germinal center formation. FDC therefore play a central role in humoral immune responses. However, molecular and functional characteristics of FDC are(More)
Inflammatory monocytes play an important role in host defense against infections. However, the regulatory mechanisms of transmigration into infected tissue are not yet completely understood. Here we show that mice deficient in MAIR-II (also called CLM-4 or LMIR2) are more susceptible to caecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced peritonitis than wild-type(More)
ceptors) play important roles for a wide array of immune responses. The binding of the Fc portions of antibodies or immune complexes to cell surface Fc receptors on hematopoietic cells can trigger or inhibit immunologic functions, including antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, mast cell degranulation, phagocytosis, cell proliferation, antibody(More)