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Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening immediate hypersensitivity reaction triggered by antigen capture by immunoglobulin E (IgE) bound to the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcvarepsilonRI) on mast cells. However, the regulatory mechanism of mast cell activation is not completely understood. Here we identify an immunoglobulin-like receptor, Allergin-1, that(More)
The poliovirus receptor CD155 and its family member CD112 (nectin-2) are the ligands for the activating cell-surface receptor DNAM-1 on CD8+ T cells and natural killer (NK) cells. Here, we demonstrate that, whereas the RMA tumor grew in syngeneic mice, DNAM-1 ligand-transduced RMA was rejected, in which CD8+ T cells and NK cells played an essential role.(More)
CD300a is a member of CD300 family molecules consisting of seven genes on human chromosome 17 and nine genes in mouse chromosome 11. CD300a has a long cytoplasmic region containing the consensus immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) sequence. Upon crosslinking with antibodies against CD300a, CD300a mediates an inhibitory signal in myeloid(More)
Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are specialized antigen-presenting cells to cognate B cells in the follicle of the lymphoid tissues. FDC also support survival and proliferation of the B cells, leading to the germinal center formation. FDC therefore play a central role in humoral immune responses. However, molecular and functional characteristics of FDC are(More)
Inflammatory monocytes play an important role in host defense against infections. However, the regulatory mechanisms of transmigration into infected tissue are not yet completely understood. Here we show that mice deficient in MAIR-II (also called CLM-4 or LMIR2) are more susceptible to caecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced peritonitis than wild-type(More)
RATIONALE Asthma is a common respiratory disease with complex genetic components. We previously reported strong evidence for linkage between mite-sensitive asthma and markers on chromosome 5q33. This area of linkage includes a region homologous to a mouse area that contains a locus involved in regulation of airway hyperreactivity. OBJECTIVE The aim of the(More)
A T helper 1 (Th1)/Th2 imbalance is thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. The differentiation of T cells into Th1 or Th2 subtypes is under the regulation of several transcription factors. Among these, transcription factor GATA-3 is thought to play an indispensable role in the development of T cells and the differentiation of Th2(More)
Myeloid progenitor cells give rise to a variety of progenies including dendritic cells. However, the mechanism controlling the diversification of myeloid progenitors into each progeny is largely unknown. PU.1 and CCAAT/enhancing binding protein (C/EBP) family transcription factors have been characterized as key regulators for the development and function of(More)
Immune responses are regulated by opposing positive and negative signals triggered by the interaction of activating and inhibitory cell surface receptors with their ligands. Here, we describe novel paired activating and inhibitory immunoglobulin-like receptors, designated myeloid-associated immunoglobulin-like receptor (MAIR) I and MAIR-II, whose(More)
Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) can be induced even in CIA-resistant H-2(b) background of C57BL/6 mice when these mice are immunized with type II collagen (CII) emulsified in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) containing high, but not low, dose of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Here, we investigated the pathogenesis of CIA in C57BL/6 mice induced by the(More)