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Abnormal smooth-muscle contractility may be a major cause of disease states such as hypertension, and a smooth-muscle relaxant that modulates this process would be useful therapeutically. Smooth-muscle contraction is regulated by the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration and by the Ca2+ sensitivity of myofilaments: the former activates myosin light-chain kinase and(More)
A cDNA for choriogenin H (Chg H; formerly high-molecular weight spawning female-specific substances, or H-SF), a precursor protein of the inner layer subunits of egg envelope (chorion) of the teleost fish, Oryzias latipes, was cloned and analyzed. The clone consisted of 1913 bp and contained an open reading frame encoding a signal peptide of 22 aa and Chg H(More)
One of the two component proteases of the hatching enzyme of the fish, Oryzias latipes, low choriolytic enzyme (LCE), was isolated from the hatching liquid and partly characterized. The enzyme was a basic protein with molecular weight of about 25.5 kDa. Like high choriolytic enzyme (HCE), the other component of the O. latipes hatching enzyme [Yasumasu, S.(More)
The hatching enzyme is an embryo-secreted enzyme(s) which digests the egg envelope, allowing the embryo to emerge at the time of hatching. The hatching enzyme of the fish, Oryzias latipes, has recently been found to consist of two kinds of proteases which may digest the inner layer of chorion (egg envelope) cooperatively [Yasumasu, S. et al. (1988) Zool.(More)
The hatching enzyme of medaka consists of two types of proteases (HCE, LCE). cDNA clones for LCE and HCE were isolated from a lambda gt11 cDNA library constructed with poly(A)+ RNA of Day 3 embryos. LCE cDNA is 936 bp long and contains an 813-bp open reading frame encoding a preproenzyme with a 20-amino-acid signal sequence, a 51-amino-acid propeptide, and(More)
Two constituent proteases of the hatching enzyme of the medaka (Oryzias latipes), choriolysin H (HCE) and choriolysin L (LCE), belong to the astacin protease family. Astacin family proteases have a consensus amino acid sequence of HExxHxxGFxHExxRxDR motif in their active site region. In addition, HCE and LCE have a consensus sequence, SIMHYGR, in the(More)
The hatching enzyme of the medaka, Oryzias latipes, consists of two proteases, high choriolytic enzyme (HCE) and low choriolytic enzyme (LCE). They are synthesized and accumulated in the same unicellular hatching glands and are secreted from them at the end of embryonic development to digest the egg envelope. Recently, these enzymes were purified, and their(More)
The inner layer of egg envelope of the medaka, Oryzias latipes, comprises two major groups of glycoprotein subunits, ZI-1,2 and ZI-3. Their precursor proteins, choriogenin H (Chg H) and choriogenin L (Chg L), respectively, are synthesized in spawning female liver. In the present study, the primary structures of the precursors and the corresponding mature(More)