Kazuki Kawahara

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Organotin compounds such as triphenyltin (TPT) and tributyltin (TBT) act as endocrine disruptors through the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) signaling pathway. We recently found that TPT is a particularly strong agonist of PPARγ. To elucidate the mechanism underlying organotin-dependent PPARγ activation, we here analyzed the(More)
X-ray analysis has been carried out on a crystal of the collagen model peptide (Hyp(R)-Hyp(R)-Gly)10 [where Hyp(R) is 4(R)-hydroxyproline] with 1.5 A resolution. The triple-helical structure of (Hyp(R)-Hyp(R)-Gly)10 has the same helical parameters and Rich and Crick II hydrogen bond patterns as those of other collagen model peptides. However, our(More)
In higher eukaryotes, the condensin complex, which mainly consists of two structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) subunits, SMC2 (CAP-E) and SMC4 (CAP-C), plays a critical role in the formation of higher order chromosome structures during mitosis. Biochemical and electron-microscopic studies have revealed that the SMC2 and SMC4 subunits dimerize through(More)
Exhaust treatment systems consisting of new catalyst technologies and particulate filters are indispensable to meet increasingly stringent global regulations on limits particulate matter and nitrogen oxide (NOX) emissions from heavy-duty to light-duty diesel vehicles. Diesel particulate filter (DPF) has been established as a key technology in reducing(More)
Colonization factor antigen III (CFA/III) is one of the virulence factors of human enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) that forms the long, thin, proteinaceous fibres of type IV pili through assembly of its major and minor subunits CofA and CofB, respectively. The crystal structure of CofA has recently been reported; however, the lack of structural(More)