Kazuki Izumi

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Peptides derived from the alpha-helical domains of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 (HIV-1) gp41 inhibit HIV-1 fusion to the cell membrane. Enfuvirtide (T-20) is a peptide-based drug that targets the step of HIV fusion, and as such, it effectively suppresses the replication of HIV-1 strains that are either wild type or resistant to multiple reverse(More)
BACKGROUND An insertion element IS3 is flanked by terminal inverted repeat (IR) sequences. IS3 encodes two, out-of-phase, overlapping open reading frames, orfA and orfB, from which three proteins are produced. OrfAB is a transframe protein produced by -1 translational frameshifting between orfA and orfB, and it is known to be IS3 transposase. OrfA and OrfB(More)
Enfuvirtide (T-20) is a fusion inhibitor that suppresses replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) variants with multi-drug resistance to reverse transcriptase and protease inhibitors. It is a peptide derived from the C-terminal heptad repeat (C-HR) of HIV-1 gp41, and it prevents interactions between the C-HR and the N-terminal HR (N-HR) of gp41,(More)
Entry of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) into target cells is mediated by its envelope protein gp41 through membrane fusion. Interaction of two extra-virion heptad repeats (HRs) in the gp41 plays a pivotal role in the fusion, and its inhibitor, enfuvirtide (T-20), blocks HIV-1 entry. To identify agents that block HIV-1 fusion, two screening(More)
Alpha-helical peptides, such as T-20 (enfuvirtide) and C34, derived from the gp41 carboxyl-terminal heptad repeat (C-HR) of HIV-1, inhibit membrane fusion of HIV-1 and the target cells. Although T-20 effectively suppresses the replication of multi-drug resistant HIV variants both in vitro and in vivo, prolonged therapy with T-20 induces emergence of T-20(More)
Reported herein are the design, biological activities, and biophysical properties of a novel HIV-1 membrane fusion inhibitor. alpha-Helix-inducible X-EE-XX-KK motifs were applied to design an enfuvirtide analogue 2 that exhibited highly potent anti-HIV activity against wild-type HIV-1, enfuvirtide-resistant HIV-1 strains, and an HIV-2 strain in vitro.(More)
Cimetidine is known to suppress the growth of several tumors, including gastrointestinal cancer, in humans and animals. Nonetheless, whether other histamine H(2)-receptor antagonists exert such tumor suppressive effects remains unclear. The effect of roxatidine acetate hydrochloride (roxatidine), an H(2)-receptor antagonist, on the growth of colon cancer(More)
The S138A substitution of fusion inhibitory peptides derived from the C-terminal heptad repeat (C-HR) of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp41 leads to enhanced binding affinity to the N-terminal heptad repeat (N-HR). As such, these peptides exhibit highly potent anti-HIV-1 activity. X-ray crystallographic analysis was performed to understand(More)
A transmembrane glycoprotein of HIV-1, gp41, plays a central role in membrane fusion of HIV-1 and host cells. Peptides derived from the amino- and carboxyl-terminal heptad repeat (N-HR and C-HR, respectively) of gp41 inhibit this fusion. The mechanism of resistance to enfuvirtide, a C-HR-derived peptide, is well defined; however the mechanism of resistance(More)