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BACKGROUND Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is thought to contain substances of the lower airway epithelial lining fluid (ELF) aerosolized by turbulent flow. However, contamination by saliva may affect the EBC when collected orally. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare the cytokine expression levels in EBC with those in saliva, and to clarify(More)
Citation Asakura, K., et al. "Search for the proton decay mode p [bar over v]K[superscript +] with KamLAND. Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access(More)
A search for the dinucleon decay pp → K+ K+ has been performed using 91.6  kton·yr data from Super-Kamiokande-I. This decay provides a sensitive probe of the R-parity-violating parameter λ112''. A boosted decision tree analysis found no signal candidates in the data. The expected background was 0.28±0.19 atmospheric neutrino induced events and the estimated(More)
Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrino data were fit with an unbinned maximum likelihood method to search for the appearance of tau leptons resulting from the interactions of oscillation-generated tau neutrinos in the detector. Relative to the expectation of unity, the tau normalization is found to be 1.42 ± 0.35(stat)(-0.12)(+0.14)(syst) excluding the(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently developed a new technique for quantitatively measuring protein-bound 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT), a footprint of nitrosative stress, utilizing high-performance liquid chromatography with an electrochemical detection (HPLC-ECD) system. Using this system, we showed that 3-NT formation was upregulated in the sputum of both COPD and(More)
Exposure of rat stomach to 1 M NaCl reduced the transmucosal potential difference (PD) followed by an increase of luminal pH and gastric mucosal blood flow (GMBF). Desensitization of capsaicin-sensitive afferent neurons significantly mitigated the increase in GMBF without affecting PD and pH responses. Mucosal application of capsaicin increased GMBF with no(More)
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