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We have developed an automated method for measuring high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol in serum without prior separation, using polyethylene glycol (PEG)-modified enzymes and sulfated alpha-cyclodextrin. When cholesterol esterase and cholesterol oxidase enzymes were modified with PEG, they showed selective catalytic activities towards lipoprotein(More)
BACKGROUND Quantification of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (TRL) remnants is useful for risk assessment of coronary artery disease and the diagnosis of type III hyperlipoproteinemia. Although an immunoseparation procedure for remnant-like particle cholesterol has been evaluated extensively in recent years, available methods for measuring TRL remnants have(More)
Serum sphingomyelin (SM) has predictive value in the development of atherosclerosis. Furthermore, SM plays important roles in cell membrane structure, signal transduction pathways, and lipid raft formation. A convenient enzymatic method for SM is available for routine laboratory practice, but the enzyme specificity is not sufficient because of nonspecific(More)
BACKGROUND Remnant-like particle-cholesterol (RLP-C) is recognized as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. As an alternative to the immunoseparation assay widely used for the measurement of RLP-C, a new remnant lipoprotein-C homogenous assay (RemL-C) is available. In light of its homogeneity as an assay method, we speculated that this homogeneous assay(More)
One of the lipid mediators, platelet-activating factor (PAF), is reported to be involved in a variety of biological phenomena including not only harmful reactions such as allergy or inflammation, but also physiological phenomena like nerve cell differentiation, sperm mobilization, ovulation, implantation, parturition etc. We reviewed the methods of(More)
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