Kazuhito Inoue

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Two antioxidant proteins, SLL1621 and SLR1198, were captured in the cyanobacteria Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 using thioredoxin affinity chromatography, which was first applied to the survey of thioredoxin target proteins in chloroplasts (Motohashi, K., Kondoh, A., Stumpp, M. T., and Hisabori, T. (2001) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98, 11224-11229). They(More)
From the photosynthetic green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum (pro synon. Chlorobaculum tepidum), we have purified three factors indispensable for the thiosulfate-dependent reduction of the small, monoheme cytochrome c(554). These are homologues of sulfur-oxidizing (Sox) system factors found in various thiosulfate-oxidizing bacteria. The first factor is(More)
From Bacillus subtilis cell extracts, ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase (FNR) was purified to homogeneity and found to be the yumC gene product by N-terminal amino acid sequencing. YumC is a ∼94-kDa homodimeric protein with one molecule of non-covalently bound FAD per subunit. In a diaphorase assay with 2,6-dichlorophenol-indophenol as electron acceptor, the(More)
In the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobaculum tepidum, three sulfur oxidizing enzyme system (Sox) proteins, SoxAXK, SoxYZ, and SoxB (the core TOMES, thiosulfate oxidizing multi-enzyme system) are essential to in vitro thiosulfate oxidation. We purified monomeric flavoprotein SoxF from this bacterium, which had sulfide dehydrogenase activity. SoxF enhanced the(More)
Cyanobacteria use sunlight and water to produce hydrogen gas (H₂), which is potentially useful as a clean and renewable biofuel. Photobiological H₂ arises primarily as an inevitable by-product of N₂ fixation by nitrogenase, an oxygen-labile enzyme typically containing an iron-molybdenum cofactor (FeMo-co) active site. In Anabaena sp. strain 7120, the enzyme(More)
Dark-operative protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) oxidoreductase is a nitrogenase-like enzyme consisting of the two components, L-protein (BchL-dimer) and NB-protein (BchN-BchB-heterotetramer). Here, we show that NB-protein is the catalytic component with Fe-S clusters. NB-protein purified from Rhodobacter capsulatus bound Pchlide that was readily converted to(More)
Green sulfur bacteria use various reduced sulfur compounds such as sulfide, elemental sulfur, and thiosulfate as electron donors for photoautotrophic growth. This article briefly summarizes what is known about the inorganic sulfur oxidizing systems of these bacteria with emphasis on the biochemical aspects. Enzymes that oxidize sulfide in green sulfur(More)
Flash-induced optical kinetics at room temperature of cytochrome (Cyt) c 551 and an Fe-S center (CFA/CFB) bound to a purified reaction center (RC) complex from the green sulfur photosynthetic bacterium Chlorobium tepidum were studied. At 551 nm, the flash-induced absorbance change decayed with a t 1/2 of several hundred ms, and the decay was accelerated by(More)
In plant cells, tetrapyrroles are synthesized in plastids and distributed to numerous organelles to function in various vital activities. However, molecular mechanisms of tetrapyrroles trafficking in plant cells are poorly understood. In animal cells, experimental evidence suggests that the p22HBP/SOUL family are cytosolic heme carrier proteins functioning(More)
Incubation of spinach thylakoids with HgCl2 selectively destroys Fe−S center B (FB). The function of electron acceptors in FB-less PS I particles was studied by following the decay kinetics of P700+ at room temperature after multiple flash excitation in the absence of a terminal electron acceptor. In untreated particles, the decay kinetics of the signal(More)