Kazuhisa Yamamoto

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OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To investigate whether endoscopic stapes surgery is safer and less invasive than conventional stapes surgery using an operating microscope. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective study. METHODS The subjects were 15 patients (15 ears) who underwent endoscopic stapes surgery for otosclerosis or congenital stapedial fixation. Another 35 patients(More)
Quasi-phase-matched (QPM) UV second-harmonic generation (SHG) in a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide is presented. A ridge-type waveguide with high nonlinearity and strong resistance to photorefractive damage was achieved by use of an ultraprecision machining technique. By use of this waveguide in 1.4-microm periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3, a(More)
A 63-year-old woman presented with a metastatic focus of papillary thyroid carcinoma in the cerebellopontine angle manifesting as lateral gazing nystagmus and slurred speech. Computed tomography demonstrated massive hemorrhage in the left cerebellar hemisphere. She was treated conservatively. Her symptoms resolved completely, but she experienced progressive(More)
Ultraviolet second-harmonic generation in first-order periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 is presented. Using a high-voltage multipulse application method, we fabricated a first-order nonlinear grating with a period of 1.8 microm and depth of approximately 150 microm over 10-mm interaction length in a 1-mm-thick MgO:LiNbO3 substrate. In a single-pass(More)
A 31-year-old woman with Graves' disease with a 12-month-history of propylthiouracil intake and autoantibodies in the sera was admitted to our hospital. The differential diagnosis between autoimmune hepatitis and propylthiouracil-induced hepatitis was intractable. Steroid therapy was started and she showed a complete response to the treatment. Liver biopsy(More)
BACKGROUND Both the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and the immune response of the hosts to HBV play important roles in the pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Lamivudine is a potent antiviral agent with minimal immune modulator capacity. Moreover, lamivudine causes severe side effects like breakthrough of HBV DNA and breakthrough hepatitis in patients with(More)
Background. Many years have passed since various prophylactic policies for preventing hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission were begun. We studied the chronological alterations in HBV infectious routes in patients with acute hepatitis B in the past 27 years. Methods. Seventy-two patients with acute HBV infection who were admitted to our hospital during the(More)
A 25-year-old woman with no history of liver disease developed liver dysfunction associated with severe jaundice and general malaise following a prolonged therapy with minocycline for acne vulgaris. Serum anti-nuclear antibody was detected and immunoglobulin G level was elevated. Symptoms resolved and liver function normalized following minocycline(More)
We describe three patients with autoimmune cholangiopathy, i.e., anti-mitochondrial antibody-negative and anti-nuclear antibody-positive primary biliary cirrhosis, who were treated with prednisolone. Serum anti-mitochondrial antibody and anti-pyruvate dehydrogenase-E2 component antibody were determined by immunofluorescence of frozen sections and(More)
The prognosis for patients with decompensated hepatitis B virus (HBV) related liver cirrhosis (LC-B), especially for those with LC-B complicated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is poor. We investigated the effects of lamivudine in patients with decompensated LC-B, with and without HCC. Decompensated LC-B patients (n=55) with Child-Pugh classification(More)