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  • M Kuroda, T Ohta, I Uchiyama, T Baba, H Yuzawa, I Kobayashi +31 others
  • 2001
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major causes of community-acquired and hospital-acquired infections. It produces numerous toxins including superantigens that cause unique disease entities such as toxic-shock syndrome and staphylococcal scarlet fever, and has acquired resistance to practically all antibiotics. Whole genome analysis is a(More)
Community acquired-methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is a socially problematic pathogen that infects healthy individuals, causing severe disease. CA-MRSA is more virulent than hospital associated-MRSA (HA-MRSA). The underlying mechanism for the high virulence of CA-MRSA is not known. The transcription product of the psm-mec gene, located(More)
ATP is bound to dnaA protein with high affinity (KD = 0.03 microM) and hydrolyzed slowly to ADP in the presence of DNA. ADP is also bound tightly to dnaA protein and exchanges with ATP very slowly. The ATP form is active in replication; the ADP form is not. A unique conformation of oriC, formed in an early initiation stage, depends on dnaA protein being in(More)
The F region downstream of the mecI gene in the SCCmec element in hospital-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (HA-MRSA) contains two bidirectionally overlapping open reading frames (ORFs), the fudoh ORF and the psm-mec ORF. The psm-mec ORF encodes a cytolysin, phenol-soluble modulin (PSM)-mec. Transformation of the F region into the(More)
The intestinal resident Candida glabrata opportunistically infects humans. However few genetic factors for adaptation in the intestine are identified in this fungus. Here we describe the C. glabrata CYB2 gene encoding lactate dehydrogenase as an adaptation factor for survival in the intestine. CYB2 was identified as a virulence factor by a silkworm(More)
The beta subunit of DNA polymerase III is essential for negative regulation of the initiator protein, DnaA. DnaA inactivation occurs through accelerated hydrolysis of ATP bound to DnaA; the resulting ADP-DnaA fails to initiate replication. The ability of beta subunit to promote DnaA inactivation depends on its assembly as a sliding clamp on DNA and must be(More)
Early in the staged initiation of enzymatic replication of plasmids containing the unique origin of the E. coli chromosome (oriC), the plasmid is converted to a new topological form which is highly underwound, two to 15 times more than native supercoiled DNA. The underwinding reaction precedes priming of DNA synthesis and follows an initial complex(More)
Staphylococcus aureus colonies can spread on soft agar plates. We compared colony spreading of clinically isolated methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). All MSSA strains showed colony spreading, but most MRSA strains (73%) carrying SCCmec type-II showed little colony spreading. Deletion of the entire SCCmec(More)
The action mechanism of sapecin, an antibacterial peptide with membrane permeabilization activity, was investigated. The dose dependence of the membrane permeabilization caused by sapecin was sigmoidal, suggesting that sapecin oligomerization leads to the membrane permeabilization. Solution nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of the sapecin-phospholipid(More)
The number of individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus, which is caused by insulin resistance and/or abnormal insulin secretion, is increasing worldwide, creating a strong demand for the development of more effective anti-diabetic drugs. However, animal-based screening for anti-diabetic compounds requires sacrifice of a large number of diabetic(More)