Learn More
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major causes of community-acquired and hospital-acquired infections. It produces numerous toxins including superantigens that cause unique disease entities such as toxic-shock syndrome and staphylococcal scarlet fever, and has acquired resistance to practically all antibiotics. Whole genome analysis is a(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae S-II was purified to near homogeneity as a protein stimulating RNA polymerase II. Four of seven lysyl endopeptidase-digested fragments of S-II were located in the PPR2 sequence reported previously. Analysis of a genomic clone of S-II revealed that S-II and PPR2 are the same protein consisting of 309 amino acid residues, and frame(More)
Although thousands of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are localized in the nucleus, only a few dozen have been functionally characterized. Here we show that nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1), an essential lncRNA for the formation of nuclear body paraspeckles, is induced by influenza virus and herpes simplex virus infection as well as by Toll-like(More)
The F region downstream of the mecI gene in the SCCmec element in hospital-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (HA-MRSA) contains two bidirectionally overlapping open reading frames (ORFs), the fudoh ORF and the psm-mec ORF. The psm-mec ORF encodes a cytolysin, phenol-soluble modulin (PSM)-mec. Transformation of the F region into the(More)
Community acquired-methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is a socially problematic pathogen that infects healthy individuals, causing severe disease. CA-MRSA is more virulent than hospital associated-MRSA (HA-MRSA). The underlying mechanism for the high virulence of CA-MRSA is not known. The transcription product of the psm-mec gene, located(More)
Lysylphosphatidylglycerol (LPG) is a basic phospholipid in which L-lysine from lysyl-tRNA is transferred to phosphatidylglycerol (PG). This study examined whether the Staphylococcus aureus mprF gene encodes LPG synthetase. A crude membrane fraction prepared from wild-type S. aureus cells had LPG synthetase activity that depended on PG and lysyl-tRNA,(More)
Some synthetic lipopeptides, in addition to native lipoproteins derived from both Gram-negative bacteria and mycoplasmas, are known to activate TLR2 (Toll-like receptor 2). However, the native lipoproteins inherent to Gram-positive bacteria, which function as TLR2 ligands, have not been characterized. Here, we have purified a native lipoprotein to(More)
The ATP-bound but not the ADP-bound form of DnaA protein is active for replication initiation at the Escherichia coli chromosomal origin. The hydrolysis of ATP bound to DnaA is accelerated by the sliding clamp of DNA polymerase III loaded on DNA. Using a culture of randomly dividing cells, we now have evidence that the cellular level of ATP-DnaA is(More)
The serine/threonine kinase Pim is known to promote cell cycle progression and to inhibit apoptosis leading to tumorigenesis. However, the precise mechanisms remain unclear. We show, herein, that all the Pim family members (Pim1, Pim2, and Pim3) bind to and directly phosphorylate the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(Kip1) at threonine-157 and(More)