Kazuhisa Mawatari

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OBJECTIVE To determine if carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) concentration doubling time (DT) can predict the course of disease and characterize tumor biology. DESIGN Retrospective case series of patients who exhibited a distinct increase in circulating CEA during disease recurrence in the routine postoperative follow-up. SETTING A tertiary general(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration, proliferation and extracellular matrix protein production are key steps in the formation of intimal hyperplasia, a process that leads to failure of vascular reconstructions. Protein kinase C (PKC) may be involved in all 3 cellular events. PKC consists of a family of 11 isotypes, 8 of which we have(More)
The present study examined the effect of purified eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) on intimal thickening of an autogenous vein graft. In addition, experiments were performed to determine whether EPA supplementation would alter the endothelium-dependent responses of the reversed vein graft. Segments of femoral veins were grafted into the femoral arteries of dogs.(More)
Probucol is used to treat hypercholesterolemia and also has an anti-atherogenic effect. The effects of probucol on intimal thickening of autologous vein graft in hyperlipidemic rabbits with poor distal run-off were investigated. A poor distal run-off model was prepared in the right hindlimb of 18 rabbits allocated to four groups depending on diet:(More)
Axillofemoral bypass grafts (AxFG) are widely used in the management of poor-risk patients with aortoiliac occlusive disease. On the other hand, AxFGs are associated with a variety complications to the upper extremity (UE). UE thromboembolism represents a significant and specific complication of occluded AxFGs in our series (2.6% of patients, 33.3% of(More)
PURPOSE Growth factors and cytokines such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) stimulate smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM) protein production by binding and activating their respective receptors.(More)
BACKGROUND Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent antigen-presenting cells and play a central role in initiating the primary immune response. Although increasing evidence supports immune-mediated inflammation plays an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure, little is known regarding the source and mechanism that trigger immune responses.(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of vasoconstrictor substances such as 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and endothelin on the smooth muscle of canine femoral veins and vein grafts. METHODS The right canine femoral vein was grafted into the right femoral artery. The left femoral vein was used as a control. In other experiments to(More)
To examine whether poor distal runoff conditions of the canine femoral artery modulates endothelium-dependent relaxations, we developed a poor distal runoff limb in the canine right femoral artery (poor runoff group). The left femoral artery was used as a control. Endothelium-dependent responses were examined in vitro. The rings of femoral artery were(More)