Kazuhiro Yanagi

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We report on a sub-20-fs transient absorption study of the S2(1(1)B(+)(u))-->S1(2(1)A(-)(g)) internal conversion in a series of carotenoids with a number of conjugated double bonds (N) ranging from 5 to 15. For the longer carotenoids (N>or=9), the measurements reveal the existence of an additional intermediate excited state lying between the optically(More)
The recent availability of laser pulses with 10-20 fs duration, tunable throughout the visible and near infrared wavelengths, has facilitated the investigation, with unprecedented temporal resolution, into the very early events of energy relaxation in carotenoids [Science 298 (2002) 2395; Synth. Metals 139 (2003) 893]. This has enabled us to clearly(More)
Chiral indices (n, m) of metallic and semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) selectively separated via the density-gradient ultracentrifugation process were individually assigned by using an aberration-corrected transmission electron microscope (TEM) operated at 80 kV. Our statistical analysis revealed that armchair (n, n) and chiral (n, n-3)(More)
Inkjet printing in electronics production has attracted considerable attention for a wide-range of applications because it is an environmentally friendly and low-cost technique. [ 1–5 ] In addition to excellent charge-transport properties, materials for inkjet printing must meet other key requirements, such as high chemical stability, low-temperature(More)
A fundamental understanding of the conduction mechanisms in single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) networks is crucial for their use in thin-film transistors and conducting films. However, the uncontrollable mixture state of metallic and semiconducting SWCNTs has always been an obstacle in this regard. In the present study, we revealed that the conduction(More)
Carbon nanotubes are a natural choice as gas sensor components given their high surface to volume ratio, electronic properties, and capability to mediate chemical reactions. However, a realistic assessment of the interaction of the tube wall and the adsorption processes during gas phase reactions has always been elusive. Making use of ultraclean(More)
Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) exhibit resonant absorption localized in specific spectral regions. To expand the light spectrum that can be utilized by SWCNTs, we have encapsulated squarylium dye into SWCNTs and clarified its microscopic structure and photosensitizing function. X-ray diffraction and polarization-resolved optical absorption(More)
Electroabsorption (EA) spectra were recorded in the region of the reaction center (RC) Qy absorption bands of bacteriochlorophyll (Bchl) and bacteriopheophytin, to investigate the effect of carotenoid (Car) on the electrostatic environment of the RCs of the purple bacterium Rhodobacter (Rb.) sphaeroides. Two different RCs were prepared from Rb. sphaeroides(More)
Retinal is the molecule found in photoreceptor cells that undergoes a change in shape when it absorbs light. Specifically, the cis/trans isomerization of a carbon-carbon double bond in this chromophore sets in motion the chain of biochemical processes responsible for vision. Here, we obtain atomically resolved images of individual structural isomers of the(More)
Studies on confined water are important not only from the viewpoint of scientific interest but also for the development of new nanoscale devices. In this work, we aimed to clarify the properties of confined water in the cylindrical pores of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) that had diameters in the range of 1.46 to 2.40 nm. A combination of x-ray(More)