Kazuhiro Yamamoto

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Biological soil disinfestation (BSD), or reductive soil disinfestation, achieved by amendment with organic materials such as wheat bran followed by flooding and covering the soil surface, has been used to control some soilborne diseases including Fusarium wilt and bacterial wilt of tomato. During a BSD treatment, accumulation of acetic acid and/or butyric(More)
Two intratracheal instillation experiments with nano-size titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) particles of different sizes and agglomerations were conducted in rats to compare the biological responses induced by the different particles. In experiment 1, 5 mg/kg of nano-TiO(2) particles of different primary sizes was intratracheally instilled in rats. In experiment 2,(More)
Nickel oxide (NiO) is one of the important industrial materials used in electronic substrates and for ceramic engineering. Advancements in industrial technology have enabled the manufacture of ultrafine NiO particles. On the other hand, it is well-known that nickel compounds exert toxic effects. The toxicity of nickel compounds is mainly caused by nickel(More)
AIMS The pathophysiology of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is complex but increased left ventricular (LV) diastolic stiffness plays a key role. A load-independent, non-invasive, direct measure of diastolic stiffness is lacking. The diastolic wall strain (DWS) index is based on the linear elastic theory, which predicts that impaired(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal X-linked disorder caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene, which encodes a cytoskeletal protein, dystrophin. Creatine kinase (CK) is generally used as a blood-based biomarker for muscular disease including DMD, but it is not always reliable since it is easily affected by stress to the body, such as exercise.(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of 16 kinds of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on P-glycoprotein/MDR1 in Caco-2 cells as an intestinal epithelial cell model. Cells were treated with NSAIDs for 24 hours, and then, the expression of MDR1 mRNA was evaluated by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. The function of MDR1(More)
Many investigations about the cellular response by metal oxide nanoparticles in vitro have been reported. However, the influence of the adsorption ability of metal oxide nanoparticles toward cells is unknown. The aim of this study is to understand the influence of adsorption by metal oxide nanoparticles on the cell viability in vitro. The adsorption(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are activated in dilated failing hearts, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition prevents left ventricular (LV) dilatation. However, it remains unclear whether activation of MMPs precedes or is secondary to LV remodeling, and an effect of ACE inhibition on MMPs is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Dahl(More)
Diastolic heart failure (DHF) has become a social burden; however, evidences leading to its therapeutic strategy are lacking. This study investigated effects of addition of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) at advanced stage of DHF in hypertensive rats. Dahl salt-sensitive rats fed 8% NaCl diet(More)