Kazuhiro Tsukada

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Focal adhesion kinase (p125(FAK); 'FAK') is a tyrosine kinase that is localised to cellular focal adhesions and is associated with a number of other proteins, such as integrin adhesion receptors. We performed an immunohistochemical analysis of FAK protein expression to determine the relationship between FAK overexpression and clinicopathological factors in(More)
The only curative treatment in biliary tract cancer is surgical treatment. Therefore, the suitability of curative resection should be investigated in the first place. In the presence of metastasis to the liver, lung, peritoneum, or distant lymph nodes, curative resection is not suitable. No definite consensus has been reached on local extension factors and(More)
Apart from periampullary carcinoma, the prognosis of biliary tract carcinomas, including hilar cholangiocarcinoma, extrahepatic biliary tract carcinoma, and gallbladder carcinoma, remains poor. Sophisticated diagnostic skills and treatment methods and their application are naturally required to achieve better treatment results for biliary tract carcinomas.(More)
Background Adequate blood supply for the reconstructed organ is important for safe esophagogastric anastomosis during esophagectomy. Recently, indocyanine green (ICG) has been used for visualization of the blood supply when anastomosis is performed in vascular surgery. To visualize the blood supply for reconstruction, we employed ICG fluorescence during(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3) inhibits the activity of matrix metalloproteinase, which may play an important role in carcinoma invasion and metastasis. We have investigated the relationship between TIMP-3 reduction and clinicopathological factors in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We examined tissue specimens that had been(More)
Few randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with large numbers of patients have been conducted to date in patients with biliary tract cancer, and standard chemotherapy has not been established yet. In this article we review previous studies and clinical trials regarding chemotherapy for unresectable biliary tract cancer, and we present guidelines for the(More)
Together with biliary drainage, which is an appropriate procedure for unresectable biliary cancer, biliary stent placement is used to improve symptoms associated with jaundice. Owing to investigations comparing percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD), surgical drainage, and endoscopic drainage, many types of stents are now available that can be(More)
It has been controversial whether the ClC-2 chloride channel is involved in hydrochloric acid secretion of gastric parietal cells. Here, we investigated whether ClC-2 is the apical Cl- channel associated with gastric acid secretion. Two anti-ClC-2 antibodies used in this study reacted with cloned ClC-2 protein expressed in HEK293 cells. In isolated rabbit(More)
Curative resection is the only treatment for biliary tract cancer that achieves long-term survival. However, patients with advanced biliary tract cancer have only a limited prognosis even after radical surgical resection. Thus, to improve the longterm results, the early detection of biliary tract cancer and subsequent cure seem to be essential. The purpose(More)
We posed six clinical questions (CQ) on preoperative biliary drainage and organized all pertinent evidence regarding these questions. CQ 1. Is preoperative biliary drainage necessary for patients with jaundice? The indications for preoperative drainage for jaundiced patients are changing greatly. Many reports state that, excluding conditions such as(More)