Learn More
Tumor growth of colorectal cancers accompanies upregulation of cyclooxygenase-2, which catalyzes a conversion step from arachidonic acid to prostaglandin H(2) (PGH(2)). Here, we compared the expression levels of thromboxane synthase (TXS), which catalyzes the conversion of PGH(2) to thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)), between human colorectal cancer tissue and its(More)
We posed six clinical questions (CQ) on preoperative biliary drainage and organized all pertinent evidence regarding these questions. CQ 1. Is preoperative biliary drainage necessary for patients with jaundice? The indications for preoperative drainage for jaundiced patients are changing greatly. Many reports state that, excluding conditions such as(More)
BACKGROUND Although it is well-known that excessive surgical stress augments the growth of residual cancer and metastasis, whether surgical stress is increased according to the degree of surgical manipulation and can consequently lead to the enhancement of cancer metastasis has not been thoroughly examined. Moreover, the molecules associated with response(More)
Adequate blood supply for the reconstructed organ is important for safe esophagogastric anastomosis during esophagectomy. Recently, indocyanine green (ICG) has been used for visualization of the blood supply when anastomosis is performed in vascular surgery. To visualize the blood supply for reconstruction, we employed ICG fluorescence during esophagectomy.(More)
This report reviews studies addressing the new concepts in liver regeneration after a partial hepatectomy (PHx). The review begins with an overview of the immunologic mechanisms of liver regeneration after PHx, especially regarding Kupffer cells and extrathymic T cells of the regenerative liver in the cell-mediated immunity, based on major(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Advanced stomach or pancreas cancer with antral obstruction has been treated by gastrojejunostomy. The delayed return of gastric emptying, however, frequently occurs. The Devine exclusion procedure has been reported to be the better bypass operation in terms of oral intake, but it needs a drainage tube. In cases where the lesser curvature is(More)
Controversies exist regarding the application of the pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PPPD) to malignancies. This study was intended to disclose the pattern of spread of ampullary cancer and to substantiate that tumor spread at resectable stages does not involve the tissues preserved by PPPD. We examined 40 consecutive Whipple pancreatoduodenectomy(More)
To identify genetic events that characterize cancer progression, we conducted a comprehensive genetic evaluation of 161 primary breast tumors. Similar to the "mountain-and-hill" view of mutations, gene amplification also shows high- and low-frequency alterations in breast cancers. The frequently amplified genes include the well-known oncogenes ERBB2, FGFR1,(More)
The concept of injury in liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PHx), and the reason hepatocytes that have not been directly injured regenerate, remain unclear. It is known that shear stress resulting from blood flow plays an important role in the mechanism of remodeling blood vessels, and portal pressure reflects shear stress. This study was(More)
We have previously reported that the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) and beta1 integrins in murine hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was associated with the occurrence of intrahepatic metastasis, which is considered to be a major modality in recurrence. Here we show that intravenous(More)