Kazuhiro Tominaga

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The recent discovery of checkpoint kinases has suggested the conservation of checkpoint mechanisms between yeast and mammals. In yeast, the protein kinase Chk1 is thought to mediate signaling associated with the DNA damage checkpoint of the cell cycle. However, the function of Chk1 in mammals has remained unknown. Targeted disruption of Chk1 in mice showed(More)
IL-18 is a proinflammatory cytokine that plays an important role in natural killer cell activation and T helper 1 (Th1) cell responses. Mast cells and basophils are major inducers and effectors of allergic inflammation. Here we show that basophils and mast cells derived by culture of bone marrow cells with IL-3 for 10 days express IL-18Ralpha chain and that(More)
The effects of 5-HT1A receptor agonists 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), buspirone and ipsapirone on wheel-running activity in hamsters were investigated in comparison with those of GABAA receptor agonist muscimol and benzodiazepine triazolam. Intraperitoneal administration of 8-OH-DPAT, buspirone, ipsapirone, muscimol and triazolam at(More)
In an attempt to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying neuro-network formation in the developing brain, we analyzed 130 proteolytic cleavage peptides of membrane proteins purified from newborn mouse brains. We describe here the characterization of a membrane protein with an apparent molecular mass of 46 kDa, a member of the immunoglobulin(More)
We have determined, by enzyme immunoassay, daily and circadian patterns of the concentrations of three peptides, which are located in the ventrolateral subdivision of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN): vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), and neuropeptide Y (NPY). The contents of VIP and GRP, which are synthesized in the(More)
IL-18 is a proinflammatory cytokine that plays an important role in NK cell activation and T(h)1 response. IL-18 has a structural homology to IL-1, particularly IL-1beta. IL-18R, composed of IL-1R-related protein (IL-18Ralpha) and IL-1R accessory protein-like (IL-18Rbeta), belongs to the IL-1R family. Furthermore, IL-18R at least partly shares the signal(More)
BACKGROUND Enterobacteria and cytokines both play roles in the pathophysiology of NSAID-induced enteropathy. Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 recognises lipopolysaccharide (LPS), resulting in activation of an inflammatory cascade via the accessory protein MyD88. AIMS To investigate role of TLR4 in inflammatory responses in indomethacin-induced enteropathy. (More)
BACKGROUND Associations between lifestyle factors and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) have been conflicting. We aimed to examine these associations in Japanese men. METHODS We performed a cross-sectional study of Japanese male workers who visit a clinic for a routine health check-up and asked them to fill out a self-report questionnaire. Logistic(More)
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus contains a circadian pacemaker responsible for several circadian rhythms. Retinal cell projections to the SCN carry light information that phase shifts the pacemaker through the release of excitatory amino acids. To study this pathway, the Ca(2+)-sensitive dyes Fluo-3 and Fura-2 were used in organotypic(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate joint effusion in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) using frequency-selective fat saturation (FS) T2-weighted images and assess this technique. To investigate whether bone marrow abnormalities and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of internal derangement may be linked to joint effusion in the TMJ in patients with pain. (More)