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Heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) is a key component of constitutive heterochromatin in Drosophila and is required for stable epigenetic gene silencing classically observed as position effect variegation. Less is known of the family of mammalian HP1 proteins, which may be euchromatic, targeted to expressed loci by repressor-corepressor complexes, and retained(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neuropeptide with pleiotropic functions. We report here that PACAP-deficient (PACAP-/-) mice showed increased immobility in a forced swimming test, which was reduced by the antidepressant desipramine, to a similar extent as in wild-type mice. The atypical antipsychotic risperidone and the(More)
Bilirubin oxidase (BO) from Myrothecium verrucaria (authentic BO) catalyzing the oxidation of bilirubin to biliverdine was overexpressed in the methylotrophic yeast, Pichia pastoris. The cDNA encoding BO was cloned into the P. pastoris expression vector pPIC9K under the control of the alcohol oxidase 1 promoter and its protein product was secreted using the(More)
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common malignant primary brain tumor of adults and one of the most lethal of all cancers. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations (EGFRvIII) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) hyperactivation are common in GBM, promoting tumor growth and survival, including through sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1(More)
UNLABELLED Although it is known that mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2) functions upstream of Akt, the role of this protein kinase complex in cancer is not well understood. Through an integrated analysis of cell lines, in vivo models, and clinical samples, we demonstrate that mTORC2 is frequently activated in glioblastoma (GBM), the most common malignant primary brain(More)
Psychostimulants, including amphetamine, act as antihyperkinetic agents in humans with hyperkinetic disorder such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and are known to be effective in enhancing attention-related processes; however, the underlying mechanisms have not been adequately addressed. Mice lacking the Adcyap1 gene encoding the neuropeptide(More)
Alternative splicing contributes to diverse aspects of cancer pathogenesis including altered cellular metabolism, but the specificity of the process or its consequences are not well understood. We characterized genome-wide alternative splicing induced by the activating EGFRvIII mutation in glioblastoma (GBM). EGFRvIII upregulates the heterogeneous nuclear(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory joint disease, including angiogenesis and synovitis. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by progressive synovitis and subsequent bone destruction mediated by osteoclasts (OCs). In this study, we investigate the effects of VEGF(More)
Aquaporins (AQPs) comprise a family of water channel proteins, some of which are expressed in brain. Expressions of brain AQPs are altered after brain insults, such as ischemia and head trauma. However, little is known about the regulation of brain AQP expression. Endothelins (ETs), vasoconstrictor peptides, regulate several pathophysiological responses of(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is one of the neurotransmitters that transfers light signals from the retina to the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) where the master clock of mammalian circadian rhythm locates, and is suggested to be implicated in the mechanism of light-induced phase shift of the circadian clock. Here,(More)