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The recent advent of multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has expanded its technical potential for human brain mapping. However, NIRS measurement has a technical drawback in that it measures cortical activities from the head surface without anatomical information of the object to be measured. This problem is also found in transcranial magnetic(More)
An intriguing application of neuroimaging is directly measuring actual human brain activities during daily living. To this end, we investigated cortical activation patterns during apple peeling. We first conducted a pilot study to assess the activation pattern of the whole lateral cortical surface during apple peeling by multichannel near-infrared(More)
We examined the fiber organization of the brain in three patients with unilateral polymicrogyria (PMG) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in combination with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). DTI revealed altered fiber tract architecture in patients with PMG. Long projection fibers, such as the corticospinal tract, were reduced the most,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the accuracy of contrast-enhanced, single breath-hold cine MR imaging in the calculation of left ventricular volume and ejection fraction, we compared values obtained by using this method with those obtained by using IV digital subtraction angiography (IV-DSA). SUBJECTS AND METHODS All patients (n = 28) had conventional cine and(More)
Polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies have been widely applied to demonstrate the presence of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in vivo. However, our previous study showed that monoclonal anti-AGE antibody (6D12) and polyclonal anti-N epsilon-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML) antibody recognize not only CML but also N epsilon-(carboxyethyl)lysine (CEL), thus(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are generated not only from glucose but also from several aldehydes such as methylglyoxal, glyoxal, and glycolaldehyde. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of several aldehydes on human serum albumin (HSA) in terms of the physicochemical properties and formation of AGE structures. HSA modified(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are believed to play a significant role in the development of diabetic complications. In this study, we measured the levels of autoantibodies against several AGE structures in healthy human plasma and investigated the physiological role of the autoantibodies. A high titer of the autoantibody against(More)
A synchronized sampling method (SSM) was developed for the study of voluntary movements by combining the electrocardiographic (ECG) gating method with an external triggering device, and four-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (4D-MRI) at a rate of 30 frames per second was accomplished by volumetric imaging with the SSM. This method was first applied to(More)
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the effect of altering flow velocity of cerebral cortical veins as the source of the signal change observed in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of the brain. 10 healthy volunteers were examined after instructions in self-paced hand grasping. Experiments were performed using a 1.5-Tesla whole body MR(More)