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The recent advent of multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has expanded its technical potential for human brain mapping. However, NIRS measurement has a technical drawback in that it measures cortical activities from the head surface without anatomical information of the object to be measured. This problem is also found in transcranial magnetic(More)
An intriguing application of neuroimaging is directly measuring actual human brain activities during daily living. To this end, we investigated cortical activation patterns during apple peeling. We first conducted a pilot study to assess the activation pattern of the whole lateral cortical surface during apple peeling by multichannel near-infrared(More)
We examined the fiber organization of the brain in three patients with unilateral polymicrogyria (PMG) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in combination with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). DTI revealed altered fiber tract architecture in patients with PMG. Long projection fibers, such as the corticospinal tract, were reduced the most,(More)
A synchronized sampling method (SSM) was developed for the study of voluntary movements by combining the electrocardiographic (ECG) gating method with an external triggering device, and four-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (4D-MRI) at a rate of 30 frames per second was accomplished by volumetric imaging with the SSM. This method was first applied to(More)
To examine the time course of plasticity of the cranial nucleus during axonal regeneration, we followed the topographical reorganization of the cat facial nucleus (FN) up to 24 months after facio-facial nerve suture using retrograde labeling methods. The trunk of the temporal-zygomatico-orbital and both superior and inferior buccolabial branches (defined as(More)
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the effect of altering flow velocity of cerebral cortical veins as the source of the signal change observed in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of the brain. 10 healthy volunteers were examined after instructions in self-paced hand grasping. Experiments were performed using a 1.5-Tesla whole body MR(More)
A pulse sequence that enables simultaneous acquisition of T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated images is presented. This sequence is referred to as FASCINATE (Fluid-Attenuated Scan Combined with Interleaved Non-ATtEnuation). In this new technique, the inversion pulse of conventional fast fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) is replaced with a fast spin(More)
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