Kazuhiro Sugihara

Learn More
The Ras-related small GTPase RalA is involved in controlling actin cytoskeletal remodelling and vesicle transport in mammalian cells. We identified the mammalian homologue of Sec5, a subunit of the exocyst complex determining yeast cell polarity, as a specific binding partner for GTP-ligated RalA. Inhibition of RalA binding to Sec5 prevents filopod(More)
The Rac1, a member of the Rho family proteins, regulates actin organization of cytoskeleton and cell adhesion. We used genetic analysis to elucidate the role of Rac1 in mouse embryonic development. The rac1 deficient embryos showed numerous cell deaths in the space between the embryonic ectoderm and endoderm at the primitive streak stage. Investigation of(More)
Determining molecular mechanisms of human embryo implantation is an extremely challenging task due to the limitation of materials and significant differences underlying this process among mammalian species. Recently, L-selectin and its ligand carbohydrate have been proposed as a system that mediates initial adhesion of human blastocysts to the uterine(More)
During human embryo implantation, trophectoderm mediates adhesion of the blastocyst to the uterine epithelium. The rapid growth of the embryo and invasion of the maternal tissue suggest adhesion-induced activation of the embryonal cells. We show here that ligation of trophinin, a homophilic cell adhesion molecule expressed on trophoblastic cells, induces(More)
Trophinin is an intrinsic membrane protein expressed in trophectoderm cells of embryos and in uterine epithelial cells. Trophinin potentially mediates apical cell adhesion at human embryo implantation sites through trophinin-trophinin binding in these two cell types. Trophinin-mediated cell adhesion activates trophectoderm cells for invasion, whereas the(More)
PURPOSE To examine how hypoxia influences ionizing irradiation-induced apoptosis in cultured mammalian cells and how a hypoxic cell radiosensitizer sensitizes apoptosis under hypoxic conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two cell lines derived from human lymphocytes, HL60 and MOLT-4, were exposed to 15 Gy X-rays under aerobic and hypoxic conditions.(More)
Trophinin has been identified as a membrane protein mediating apical cell adhesion between two human cell lines: trophoblastic HT-H cells, and endometrial epithelial SNG-M cells. Expression patterns of trophinin in humans suggested its involvement in embryo implantation and early placental development. The mouse trophinin gene maps to the distal part of the(More)
Cell surfaces of epithelial cancer are covered by complex carbohydrates, whose structures function in malignancy and metastasis. However, the mechanism underlying carbohydrate-dependent cancer metastasis has not been defined. Previously, we identified a carbohydrate-mimicry peptide designated I-peptide, which inhibits carbohydrate-dependent lung(More)
A 31-year-old pregnant woman was diagnosed as having acute hepatitis of unknown etiology and conservatively treated. An emergency cesarean delivery was performed 5 days later at 33 weeks and 3 days of gestation because of a gradual deterioration in liver function. Two days after the cesarean delivery, she lost consciousness in the evening (Glasgow coma(More)
Spermatogenesis is a precisely regulated process in which the germ cells closely interact with Sertoli cells. The molecular basis of this cell-cell adhesion is unknown. Here, we demonstrate that targeted disruption of Man2a2, a gene encoding alpha-mannosidase IIx (MX), an enzyme that forms intermediate asparagine-linked carbohydrates (N-glycans), results in(More)