Kazuhiro Sogawa

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Ah receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates pleiotropic effects of environmental pollutants such as 2,3, 7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin on host animals. In addition to induction of drug-metabolizing enzymes, the liganded AhR complex was found to activate gene expression of a factor designated AhR repressor (AhRR), which(More)
BACKGROUND The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR or dioxin receptor) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that is considered to mediate pleiotropic biological responses such as teratogenesis, tumour promotion, epithelial hyperplasia and the induction of drug-metabolizing enzymes to environmental contaminants usually represented by(More)
The transcription factor Klf4 has demonstrated activity in the reprogramming of somatic cells to a pluripotent state, but the molecular mechanism of this process remains unknown. It is, therefore, of great interest to understand the functional role of Klf4 and related genes in ESC regulation. Here, we show that homozygous disruption of Klf5 results in the(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF1alpha) and its related factor, HLF, activate expression of a group of genes such as erythropoietin in response to low oxygen. Transfection analysis using fusion genes of GAL4DBD with various fragments of the two factors delineated two transcription activation domains which are inducible in response to hypoxia and are(More)
The genetic difference in the susceptibility of mice to environmental toxicities induced by dioxin and related chemicals is governed by polymorphism of the arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR) (Poland, A., and Knutson, C. (1982) Annu. Rev. Pharmacol. Toxicol. 22, 517-554). cDNA cloning of AhR cDNA from responder (C57BL/6) and non-responder (DBA/2J) mice allowed(More)
We have isolated and characterized a cDNA for a novel Per-Arnt/AhR-Sim basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH-PAS) factor that interacts with the Ah receptor nuclear translocator (Arnt), and its predicted amino acid sequence exhibits significant similarity to the hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF1alpha) and Drosophila trachealess (dTrh) gene product. The(More)
We isolated mouse cDNA clones (Arnt2) that are highly similar to but distinct from the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) nuclear translocator (Arnt). The composite cDNA covered a 2,443-bp sequence consisting of a putative 2,136-bp open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 712 amino acids. The predicted Arnt2 polypeptide carries a characteristic basic(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) repressor (AhRR) gene has been isolated and characterized from a mouse genomic library. The gene is distributed as 11 exons in a total length of about 60 kilobase pairs. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis has shown that the AhRR gene is located at mouse chromosome 13C2, at rat chromosome 1p11.2, and at human(More)
A heterodimer of AhR (aryl hydrocarbon receptor) and Arnt (AhR nuclear translocator) conveys a transactivation signal of aromatic hydrocarbons such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and 3-methylcholanthrene to the genes for a group of drug-metabolizing enzymes. This inducible expression of the genes is inhibited by adenovirus E1A, suggesting that(More)
The cDNAs for two DNA binding proteins of BTE, a GC box sequence in the promoter region of the P-450IA1(CYP1A1) gene, have been isolated from a rat liver cDNA library by using the BTE sequence as a binding probe. While one is for the rat equivalent to human Sp1, the other encodes a primary structure of 244 amino acids, a novel DNA binding protein designated(More)