Kazuhiro Shirozu

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OBJECTIVE It is essential to estimate the brain temperature of patients during deliberate deep hypothermia. Using jugular bulb temperature as a standard for brain temperature, we evaluated the accuracy and precision of 5 standard temperature monitoring sites (ie, pulmonary artery, nasopharynx, forehead deep-tissue, urinary bladder, and fingertip(More)
AIMS Acute liver failure (ALF) is a fatal syndrome attributed to massive hepatocyte death. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been reported to exert cytoprotective or cytotoxic effects. Here, we examined the role of cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE, an enzyme produces H2S) in ALF induced by D-Galactosamine (GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). RESULTS Wild-type (WT)(More)
BACKGROUND Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) exhibits protective effects in various disease models including cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Nonetheless, mechanisms and identity of molecules responsible for neuroprotective effects of H2S remain incompletely defined. In the current study, we observed that thiosulfate, an oxidation product of H2S, mediates(More)
We encountered a rare case of adeno-endocrine cell carcinoma of the gallbladder in an 81-year-old woman. Imaging study revealed a common bile duct stone. Endoscopic sphincterotomy was performed, and the stone was extracted successfully. Thereafter, cholecystectomy was performed. A papillary tumor was found in the neck of the gallbladder. Histologically, the(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) improves neurological outcomes after cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Although nitric oxide prevents organ injury induced by ischemia and reperfusion, role of nitric oxide during TH after CPR remains unclear. In this article, the authors examined the impact of endogenous nitric oxide(More)
Acute liver failure (ALF) is a fatal syndrome associated with massive hepatocyte death. There is no cure for ALF except liver transplantation. Protein farnesylation is a lipid modification of cysteine residues that is catalyzed by farnesyltransferase (FTase) and has been proposed as an integral component of acute inflammation. Previously, we have(More)
BACKGROUND Etomidate minimally influences hemodynamics at a standard induction dose in young healthy patients, but can cause significant systemic hypotension at higher doses for induction or electroencephalographic burst suppression (i.e., cerebral protection) in patients with advanced age or heart disease, and during cardiopulmonary bypass. However, less(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical concentrations of volatile anesthetics significantly influence contractile response to the sympathetic neurotransmitter norepinephrine although its precise mechanisms remain unclarified. In this study, we investigated its possible alterations in diabetes, as well as its underlying mechanisms. METHODS Isometric force was recorded in(More)
Pupil reactivity can be used to evaluate central nervous system function and can be measured using a quantitative pupillometer. However, whether anesthetic agents affect the accuracy of the technique remains unclear. We examined the effects of anesthetic agents on pupillary reactivity. Thirty-five patients scheduled for breast or thyroid surgery were(More)
We present a 68-year-old woman who developed acute cerebral subdural hematoma (SDH) early after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Four hours postoperatively, the patient complained of headache and nausea. Enhanced cranial computed tomography showed cerebral SDH. Despite no obvious intraoperative dural damage, we suggest that cerebrospinal fluid(More)