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BACKGROUND In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, cell growth takes place exclusively at both ends of the cylindrical cell. During this highly polarized growth, microtubules are responsible for the placement of the cell-end marker proteins, the Tea1-Tea4/Wsh3 complex, which recruits the Pom1 DYRK-family protein kinase. Pom1 is required for proper(More)
BACKGROUND From yeast to human, TOR (target of rapamycin) kinase plays pivotal roles in coupling extracellular stimuli to cell growth and metabolism. TOR kinase functions in two distinct protein complexes, TOR complex 1 (TORC1) and 2 (TORC2), which phosphorylate and activate different AGC-family protein kinases. TORC1 is controlled by the small GTPase Rheb,(More)
BACKGROUND The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe has a cylindrical cell shape, for which growth is strictly limited to both ends, and serves as an excellent model system for genetic analysis of cell-polarity determination. Previous studies identified a cell-end marker protein, Tea1, that is transported by cytoplasmic microtubules to cell tips and(More)
Aberrant glycosylation is a characteristic feature of cancer cells. In particular, altered sialylation is closely associated with malignant properties, including invasiveness and metastatic potential. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the aberrancy, our studies have focused on mammalian sialidase, which catalyzes the removal of sialic acid(More)
Sialic acids are acidic monosaccharides that bind to the sugar chains of glycoconjugates and change their conformation, intermolecular interactions, and/or half-life. Thus, sialidases are believed to modulate the function of sialoglycoconjugates by desialylation. We previously reported that the membrane-associated mammalian sialidase NEU3, which(More)
Modulation of levels of polysialic acid (polySia), a sialic acid polymer, predominantly associated with the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM), influences neural functions, including synaptic plasticity, neurite growth, and cell migration. Biosynthesis of polySia depends on two polysialyltransferases ST8SiaII and ST8SiaIV in vertebrate. However, the(More)
The Target Of Rapamycin (TOR) is an evolutionarily conserved protein kinase that forms 2 distinct protein complexes referred to as TOR complex 1 (TORC1) and 2 (TORC2). Recent extensive studies have demonstrated that TORC1 is under the control of the small GTPases Rheb and Rag that funnel multiple input signals including those derived from nutritional(More)
In a "two-component system," extracellular stimuli are transmitted by the transfer of a phosphoryl group from a sensor histidine kinase to a response regulator (RR), a mechanism referred to as phosphorelay. In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, peroxide stress signals are transmitted by phosphorelay to the Mcs4 RR, which activates the Spc1 MAP(More)
To circumvent the limitations of polyethylene glycol (PEG) modified carriers, a photo-triggerable liposome was prepared which was modified by cholesterol derivatives via a cleavable vinyl ether linkage so that the PEGylated coating can be efficiently removed by a photoactivated fullerene. After the photocleavage of the PEG moiety, the intracellular uptake(More)
The Spc1 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade in fission yeast is activated by two MAPK kinase kinase (MAPKKK) paralogues, Wis4 and Win1, in response to multiple forms of environmental stress. Previous studies identified Mcs4, a "response regulator" protein that associates with the MAPKKKs and receives peroxide stress signals by phosphorelay from(More)