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We studied the patterns of membrane potential changes in laryngeal motoneurons (LMs) during vocalization, coughing, swallowing, sneezing, and the aspiration reflex in decerebrate paralyzed cats. LMs, identified by antidromic activation from the recurrent laryngeal nerve, were expiratory (ELMs) or inspiratory (ILMs) cells that depolarized during their(More)
Familial adenomatous polyposis coli (FAP) is a disease characterized by the development of multiple colorectal adenomas, and affected individuals carry germline mutations in the APC gene. With the use of a conditional gene targeting system, a mouse model of FAP was created that circumvents the embryonic lethality of Apc deficiency and directs Apc(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine (1) whether the nucleus retroambigualis (NRA) plays an essential role in periaqueductal gray (PAG)-induced vocalization and (2) which NRA neurons are involved in the projection from the PAG to laryngeal motoneurons. Bilateral injections of the neurotoxin kainic acid into the NRA in decerebrate cats abolished(More)
We report here the cloning and primary structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase. The predicted 1035-amino acid protein is significantly more similar in sequence to eukaryote cytoplasmic than to other eubacterial isoleucyl-tRNA synthetases. This similarity correlates with the enzyme being resistant to pseudomonic acid A, a potent(More)
The nucleotide 73 (N73) "discriminator" base in the acceptor stem is a key element for efficient and specific aminoacylation of tRNAs and of microhelix substrates derived from tRNA acceptor stems. This nucleotide was possibly one of the first to be used for differentiating among groups of early RNA substrates by tRNA synthetases. In contrast to many other(More)
Endothelial monocyte activating polypeptide II (EMAPII) is a cytokine that is specifically induced by apoptosis. Its precursor (pro-EMAPII) has been suggested to be identical to p43, which is associated with the multi-tRNA synthetase complex. Herein, we have demonstrated that the N-terminal domain of pro-EMAPII interacts with the N-terminal extension of(More)
Cytoplasmic aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases of higher eukaryotes acquired extra peptides in the course of their evolution. It has been thought that these appendices are related to the occurrence of the multiprotein complex consisting of at least eight different tRNA synthetase polypeptides. This complex is believed to be a signature feature of metazoans. In this(More)
To determine the synaptic source of the respiratory-related activity of laryngeal motoneurons, spike-triggered averaging of the membrane potentials of laryngeal motoneurons was conducted using spikes of respiratory neurons located between the Bötzinger complex and the rostral ventral respiratory group as triggers in decerebrate, paralyzed cats. We(More)
Several class I and class II human tRNA synthetases are clearly related to their bacterial counterparts. We report here the cloning, cDNA sequence, deduced primary structure, and expression in bacteria of a class II human glycyl-tRNA synthetase. While the human sequence aligns well with a Bombyx mori and a Saccharomyces cerevisiae sequence for glycyl-tRNA(More)
We recently reported that rodent anterior pituitary (AP) cells (with the exception of corticotrophs and melanotrophs) express neuronal markers, including 68-kDa neurofilaments (NF68) in an oestrogen-dependent manner. The functional significance of neurofilament (NF) expression in the AP is unknown, but recent data in myelinated nerve fibres from NF-null(More)