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Familial adenomatous polyposis coli (FAP) is a disease characterized by the development of multiple colorectal adenomas, and affected individuals carry germline mutations in the APC gene. With the use of a conditional gene targeting system, a mouse model of FAP was created that circumvents the embryonic lethality of Apc deficiency and directs Apc(More)
We studied the patterns of membrane potential changes in laryngeal motoneurons (LMs) during vocalization, coughing, swallowing, sneezing, and the aspiration reflex in decerebrate paralyzed cats. LMs, identified by antidromic activation from the recurrent laryngeal nerve, were expiratory (ELMs) or inspiratory (ILMs) cells that depolarized during their(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine (1) whether the nucleus retroambigualis (NRA) plays an essential role in periaqueductal gray (PAG)-induced vocalization and (2) which NRA neurons are involved in the projection from the PAG to laryngeal motoneurons. Bilateral injections of the neurotoxin kainic acid into the NRA in decerebrate cats abolished(More)
We recently reported that rodent anterior pituitary (AP) cells (with the exception of corticotrophs and melanotrophs) express neuronal markers, including 68-kDa neurofilaments (NF68) in an oestrogen-dependent manner. The functional significance of neurofilament (NF) expression in the AP is unknown, but recent data in myelinated nerve fibres from NF-null(More)
The cell-surface receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) has been implicated in the development of diabetic vascular complications and Alzheimer's disease. RAGE has been considered to be involved in amyloid-β1-42 (Aβ1-42) uptake into brain. In the present study, we demonstrate that endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE), a decoy form of RAGE(More)
An in vivo receptor binding technique was applied to evaluate the affinities of clozapine (20 mg/kg), RMI-81582 (20 mg/kg), and haloperidol (1 mg/kg) for dopamine D1, D2 and serotonin 5-HT2 receptors in rat brain with [3H]-SCH23390, [3H]-YM-09151-2, and [3H]-ketanserin as selective ligands. The time course study of receptor occupancy at 25 to 250 min after(More)
CD157, known as bone marrow stromal cell antigen-1, is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored ADP-ribosyl cyclase that supports the survival and function of B-lymphocytes and hematopoietic or intestinal stem cells. Although CD157/Bst1 is a risk locus in Parkinson's disease (PD), little is known about the function of CD157 in the nervous system and(More)
1. Activation of the vestibular system produces reflex modulation of expiratory muscle activity. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possible role of bulbospinal expiratory (E) neurons located in the caudal ventral respiratory group (VRG) in mediating vestibulo-respiratory reflexes. Experiments were carried out in decerebrated,(More)
The present study was undertaken to elucidate the possible role of the laryngeal afferent inputs in the regulation of intralaryngeal muscle activity during vocalization. We studied the influences of airflow and/or pressure applied to the larynx on intralaryngeal muscle activity during vocalization in ketamine-anesthetized cats. Vocalization was induced by(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate spatial memory and quantitative acetylcholine transporter autoradiography using a high-sensitivity imaging plate system in rats treated with beta-amyloid protein, a model of Alzheimer's disease. An eight-arm radial maze was used to evaluate spatial memory. The performance of the eight-arm radial maze task was(More)