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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that epinephrine test may have diagnostic value for genotyping LQT1, LQT2, and LQT3 forms of congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS). BACKGROUND A differential response of dynamic QT interval to epinephrine infusion between LQT1, LQT2, and LQT3 syndromes has been reported, indicating the potential(More)
AIMS Most of recurrent atrial tachyarrhythmias after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF) are due to reconnection of PVs. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether elimination of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-induced dormant PV conduction by additional energy applications during the first ablation procedure could reduce the(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to test the hypothesis that epinephrine infusion may be a provocative test able to unmask nonpenetrant KCNQ1 mutation carriers. BACKGROUND The LQT1 form of congenital long QT syndrome is associated with high vulnerability to sympathetic stimulation and appears with incomplete penetrance. METHODS The 12-lead(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to demonstrate the electrophysiologic (EP) mechanism of the ST-T change in Brugada syndrome. BACKGROUND Brugada syndrome is characterized by various electrocardiographic manifestations (e.g., right bundle branch block, ST-segment elevation, and terminal T-wave inversion in the right precordial leads) and sudden cardiac death caused by(More)
BACKGROUND It is well-known that the incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias is the highest in winter and during the daytime in patients with structural heart disease. However, little is known about the seasonal and circadian distributions of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in patients with Brugada syndrome. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to(More)
AIMS Substantial portion of early arrhythmia recurrence after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) is considered to be due to irritability in left atrium (LA) from the ablation procedure. We sought to evaluate whether 90-day use of antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) following AF ablation could reduce the incidence of early arrhythmia recurrence and thereby(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the clinical characteristics and the efficacy of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF) and/or polymorphic ventricular tachycardia initiated by ventricular extrasystoles originating from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). BACKGROUND Ventricular(More)
INTRODUCTION The clinical phenotype is 8 to 10 times more prevalent in males than in females in patients with Brugada syndrome. Brugada syndrome has been reported to be thinner than asymptomatic normal controls. We tested the hypothesis that higher testosterone level associated with lower visceral fat may relate to Brugada phenotype and male predominance.(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent anatomical and electrophysiological studies have demonstrated the presence of leftward posterior nodal extension (LPNE); however, its role in the genesis of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is poorly understood. This study was performed to characterize successful slow pathway (SP) ablation site and to elucidate the(More)
OBJECTIVES The study examined whether patients with Brugada syndrome are sensitive to vagal stimulation or ischemia. BACKGROUND Experimental studies have suggested that a prominent transient outward current (I(to))-mediated action potential notch and a subsequent loss of the action potential dome in the epicardium, but not in the endocardium, give rise to(More)