Kazuhiro Nagaike

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The DNA sequences of the Oka varicella vaccine virus (V-Oka) and its parental virus (P-Oka) were completed. Comparison of the sequences revealed 42 base substitutions, which led to 20 amino acid conversions and length differences in tandem repeat regions (R1, R3, and R4) and in an origin of DNA replication. Amino acid substitutions existed in open reading(More)
The complete genome of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) Oka strain has been cloned as a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC). Following electroporation into Escherichia coli (E. coli) strain DH10B, the VZV BAC was stably propagated over multiple generations of its host. Human embryonic lung (HEL) cells transfected with VZV BAC DNA recovered from DH10B(More)
We investigated why the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of Aβ42 are lower in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Because Aβ38/42 and Aβ40/43 are distinct product/precursor pairs, these four species in the CSF together should faithfully reflect the status of brain γ-secretase activity, and were quantified by(More)
OBJECTIVES Hepatocyte growth factor activator (HGFA) is responsible for proteolytic activation of the precursor form of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). We attempted to clarify whether serum levels of HGFA could be used as a marker for prostate cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS Serum levels of total HGF and HGFA were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor type 2-related small peptide (H2RSP) is a small nuclear protein abundantly expressed in the gastrointestinal epithelium. However, its functions remain unknown. AIMS To investigate the expression and localisation of H2RSP in normal, injured and neoplastic human intestinal tissue. METHODS(More)
Immunofluorostaining, a versatile tissue staining method, is used in biomedical research because of its clear contrast and precise quantification of positive signals. However, its application in clinical diagnosis has been limited. A major obstacle is high fluorescent background of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections (paraffin sections). On(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor type 1 (HAI-1) and type 2 (HAI-2) are Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitors for hepatocyte growth factor activator (HGFA). We attempted to clarify whether serum levels of HAI-1 and HAI-2 could be a useful marker in patients with prostate cancer. METHODS Serum levels of HAI-1 and HAI-2 were measured(More)
AIM Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) was originally identified as a factor that stimulates the mitogenesis of hepatocyte, and also plays a role in maintaining pregnancy. We conducted this study to evaluate the changes in plasma concentrations of HGF and its associated factors during normal pregnancy. METHODS Blood specimens were obtained from 14 healthy(More)
To establish human monoclonal antibodies suitable for targeting chemotherapy, we prepared a panel of human-mouse hybridomas, using mouse myelomas and lymphocytes of regional lymph nodes excised from cancer patients, and selected antibodies on the basis of their specificity of binding to the surface of viable cancer cells derived from fresh cancer tissues. A(More)
Although envelope glycoprotein M (gM) is highly conserved among herpesviruses, the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) gM homolog has never been investigated. Here we characterized the VZV gM homolog and analyzed its function in VZV-infected cells. The VZV gM homolog was expressed on virions as a glycoprotein modified with a complex N-linked oligosaccharide and(More)