Kazuhiro Mizoguchi

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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) as a trigger in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced late preconditioning against myocardial infarction. METHODS Rats were pretreated intraperitoneally with two different doses of LPS (0.5 or 2.5 mg/kg) or normal saline (control) 24 h prior to lethal(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery induces late preconditioning against myocardial infarction and examined the effects of pharmacological modifiers of inducible nitric oxide synthase activity on the late preconditioning in anesthetized rats. METHODS Rats underwent an intestinal ischemia preconditioning(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, the apoptotic volume decrease was suggested to be regulated by volume regulatory Cl- channels in cultured cell lines. We thus examined whether inhibition of volume-regulatory Cl- channels is cardioprotective, like caspase inhibition, by hindering the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes induced by global ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in vivo. (More)
OBJECTIVE The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that intestinal ischemia results in an early preconditioning against myocardial infarction and that the mechanism of the early preconditioning involves the activation of protein kinase C-mitochondrial K(ATP) channel signaling pathway in anesthetized rats. METHODS Rats were either(More)
The role of progesterone to increase prolactin (PRL) secretion on the first estrous day in pubertal rats was compared with its role in adult cyclic rats. The first estrus was induced by the administration of pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin (5 IU) at 28 days of age. A subcutaneous administration of 2.5 or 7.5 mg of progesterone/100 g body wt significantly(More)
The cell surface expression of low-affinity Fc epsilon receptor (Fc epsilon RII), which is identical to CD23, and the serum levels of IgE binding factors (IgE BFs), a soluble form of Fc epsilon RII, and IgE were investigated in HTLV-I-infected individuals, and the results were compared with those for HTLV-I-negative controls. The occurrence of Fc epsilon(More)
The number of patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm has been increasing in Japan. The annual report by the Japanese Association for Thoracic Surgery 2001 demonstrated that 4,133 patients underwent surgery for thoracic aortic aneurysm. Among them, ruptured cases consisted of 11% (460 patients) and its early mortality was 32%. At the emergency room, initial(More)
We successfully treated a case of active infective endocarditis in the remission phase of virus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (VAHS). A 21-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for fever, arthralgia, and general fatigue. His blood cultures revealed staphylococcus epidermidis. He underwent urgent aortic valve replacement and closure of the abscess(More)
A 34-year-old Japanese woman was admitted to our hospital complaining of developing bilateral pedal edema. Imaging studies led to a diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome combined with internal jugular vein thrombus. We investigated the cause of thrombosis and found that the anticoagulant activity of protein C was decreased. Genetic analysis showed the presence(More)