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C3G is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for Rap1, and is activated via Crk adaptor protein. To understand the physiological role of C3G, we generated C3G knockout mice. C3G(-/-) homozygous mice died before embryonic day 7.5. The lethality was rescued by the expression of the human C3G transgene, which could be excised upon the expression of Cre(More)
Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) comprises a superfamily of enzymes that hydrolyse the ester bond of phospholipids at the sn-2 position. Among the members of this superfamily, cytosolic PLA2 has attracted attention because it preferentially hydrolyses arachidonoyl phospholipids and is activated by submicromolar concentrations of Ca2+ ions and by phosphorylation by(More)
We have revealed that about one and a half thousand tiny clusters, filled with one thousand closely packed lymphocytes, can be found throughout the murine small and large intestinal mucosa. They are located in crypt lamina propria (cryptopatches; CP) and can be first detected at 14-17 d after birth. A large fraction of lymphocytes in CP expresses c-kit,(More)
Estrogen deficiency caused by ovariectomy (OVX) results in a marked bone loss due to stimulated bone resorption by osteoclasts. During our investigations of the pathogenesis of bone loss in estrogen deficiency, we found that OVX selectively stimulates B-lymphopoiesis which results in marked accumulation of B220-positive pre-B cells in mouse bone marrow. To(More)
We generated interleukin-5 receptor alpha chain (IL-5R alpha)-deficient (IL-5R alpha-/-) mice by gene targeting. The IL-5R alpha-/- mice showed decreased numbers of B-1 cells concomitant with low serum concentrations of IgM and IgG3. They showed no IL-5-induced enhancement of B cell responses to T-independent antigens. The number of alpha beta T cell(More)
Evi-1 is a zinc finger nuclear protein whose inappropriate expression leads to leukemic transformation of hematopoietic cells in mice and humans. This was previously shown to block the antiproliferative effect of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta). Evi-1 represses TGF-beta signaling by direct interaction with Smad3 through its first zinc finger(More)
A 69-year-old man was diagnosed as having idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in April 2000, and treated with prednisolone (PSL) without effect. Splenectomy performed in June 2000 had only a transient and marginal influence on his platelet count. Two months later, he developed autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) without Coombs test positivity, and his(More)
The AML1 gene encodes a DNA-binding protein that contains the runt domain and is the most frequent target of translocations associated with human leukemias. Here, point mutations of the AML1 gene, V105ter (single-letter amino acid code) and R139G, (single-letter amino acid codes) were identified in 2 cases of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) by means of the(More)
Peyer's patch (PP) organogenesis proceeds through three histologically distinct steps: formation of organizing centers expressing VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 in segregated regions of the intestine at 15.5 days post-coitus (d.p.c.) (step I), accumulation of blood cells expressing different sets of surface markers to this region at 16.5-17.0 d.p.c. (step II), and entry(More)
The interleukin 7 receptor (IL-7R) plays a crucial role in early B- and T-cell development. It consists of a unique a chain and a common gamma chain [IL-2 receptor gamma chain (IL-2Rgamma)]. Gene inactivation of IL-7, IL-7R, and IL-2Rgamma resulted in severe impairment of B and T lymphopoiesis in mice. In addition, IL-2Rgamma-deficient mice lack gammadelta(More)