Kazuhiro Maki

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Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) comprises a superfamily of enzymes that hydrolyse the ester bond of phospholipids at the sn-2 position. Among the members of this superfamily, cytosolic PLA2 has attracted attention because it preferentially hydrolyses arachidonoyl phospholipids and is activated by submicromolar concentrations of Ca2+ ions and by phosphorylation by(More)
C3G is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for Rap1, and is activated via Crk adaptor protein. To understand the physiological role of C3G, we generated C3G knockout mice. C3G(-/-) homozygous mice died before embryonic day 7.5. The lethality was rescued by the expression of the human C3G transgene, which could be excised upon the expression of Cre(More)
Peyer's patch (PP) organogenesis proceeds through three histologically distinct steps: formation of organizing centers expressing VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 in segregated regions of the intestine at 15.5 days post-coitus (d.p.c.) (step I), accumulation of blood cells expressing different sets of surface markers to this region at 16.5-17.0 d.p.c. (step II), and entry(More)
Evi-1 is a zinc finger nuclear protein whose inappropriate expression leads to leukemic transformation of hematopoietic cells in mice and humans. This was previously shown to block the antiproliferative effect of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta). Evi-1 represses TGF-beta signaling by direct interaction with Smad3 through its first zinc finger(More)
We have revealed that about one and a half thousand tiny clusters, filled with one thousand closely packed lymphocytes, can be found throughout the murine small and large intestinal mucosa. They are located in crypt lamina propria (cryptopatches; CP) and can be first detected at 14-17 d after birth. A large fraction of lymphocytes in CP expresses c-kit,(More)
Acetylation of a transcription factor has recently been shown to play a significant role in gene regulation. Here we show that GATA-3 is acetylated in T cells and that a mutation introduced into amino acids 305-307 (KRR-GATA3) creates local hypoacetylation in GATA-3. Remarkably, KRR-GATA3 possesses the most potent suppressive effect when compared with other(More)
We generated interleukin-5 receptor alpha chain (IL-5R alpha)-deficient (IL-5R alpha-/-) mice by gene targeting. The IL-5R alpha-/- mice showed decreased numbers of B-1 cells concomitant with low serum concentrations of IgM and IgG3. They showed no IL-5-induced enhancement of B cell responses to T-independent antigens. The number of alpha beta T cell(More)
The AML1 gene encodes a DNA-binding protein that contains the runt domain and is the most frequent target of translocations associated with human leukemias. Here, point mutations of the AML1 gene, V105ter (single-letter amino acid code) and R139G, (single-letter amino acid codes) were identified in 2 cases of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) by means of the(More)
We investigated the role of IL-7 receptor alpha (IL-7Ralpha) signal in the formation of Peyer's patch (PP) anlage. Although pan-lymphopenia is a common phenotype of rag2-/- and il7ralpha-/- mice, a close inspection revealed nodules corresponding to PP in the adult rag2-/- but not in the il7ralpha-/- mouse. In our previous study, three histologically(More)
To investigate the in vivo function of retinoid X receptor (RXR) on myelopoiesis, We generated transgenic (Tg) mice with targeted expression of a dominant negative form of RXR beta in myeloid cells. In these Tg mice the transgene is expected to suppress the function of hetero dimeric receptors composed of RXR and its counterparts, such as retinoic acid(More)