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Indole-3-carbinol (I3C) has been reported to exert anticancer activity in vivo. However, its anticancer mechanism has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we demonstrate that I3C suppressed tumor-induced angiogenesis and tube formation of endothelial cells. I3C also induced apoptosis in endothelial cells by activating the caspase cascade. We propose(More)
Taurine (T) was first noted as beneficial for stroke and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) prevention in genetic rat models, stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). The preventive mechanisms of T were ascribed to sympathetic modulation for reducing blood pressure (BP) and anti-inflammatory action. Recent epidemiological surveys revealed the(More)
Propolis possesses various physiological activities. In this study, we examined the antiangiogenic and antioxidant activities of various components from propolis: acacetin, apigenin, artepillin C, caffeic acid phenethyl ester, chrysin, p-coumaric acid, galangin, kaempferol, pinocembrin, and quercetin. The effects of these components were tested on in vitro(More)
We recently reported that propolis suppresses tumor-induced angiogenesis through tube formation inhibition and apoptosis induction in endothelial cells. However, molecular mechanisms underlying such angiogenesis suppression by propolis have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ethanol extract of Brazilian(More)
Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived protein with insulin-sensitizing, anti-diabetic and anti-atherogenic activities, is known to be induced during adipocyte differentiation. Nobiletin, a citrus polymethoxy flavonoid, was found to induce the differentiation of ST-13 preadipocytes into mature adipocytes and enhance the production of adiponectin protein at a(More)
Propolis, a resinous substance collected by honeybees from various plant sources, possesses various physiological activities such as antitumor effects. We have previously shown that propolis of Brazilian origin was composed mainly of artepillin C and that its constituents were quite different from those of propolis of European origin. In this report, we(More)
There are mainly three types of propolis whose major anticancer ingredients are entirely different: (1) CAPE (caffeic acid phenethyl ester)-based propolis in Europe, Far East and New Zealand, (2) artepillin C (ARC)-based Brazilian green propolis and (3) Brazilian red propolis. It was shown previously that NF (neurofibromatosis)-associated tumors require the(More)
N-beta-alanyl-5-S-glutathionyl-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (5-S-GAD), an antibacterial substance isolated from the flesh fly, inhibits human tumor growth in the nude mice model; however, the mechanism of its action is unclear. The in vivo antitumor effect includes the inhibition of tumor cell proliferation and suppression of angiogenesis. Angiogenesis is(More)
Propolis, a resinous substance that honeybees collect to protect their beehive from enemies, is reported to have various biological activities. In our screening program to search for antiangiogenic compounds from propolis, the ethanol extracts of Okinawan propolis (EEOP) showed significant antiangiogenic activities in a tube formation assay with human(More)
Nobiletin is a citrus polymethoxyflavonoid that suppresses tumor growth and metastasis, both of which depend on angiogenesis. We recently identified nobiletin as a cell differentiation modulator. Because cell differentiation is a critical event in angiogenesis, it might be possible that nobiletin could exhibit antiangiogenic activity, resulting in(More)