Kazuhiro Kochi

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BACKGROUND The epidemiology, pathogenesis and prognosis of severe ischemic early liver injury (SIELI) after cardiac surgery are poorly understood. Accordingly, we studied patients whose alanine transaminase (ALT) concentration acutely increased above 500 IU/l in the immediate postoperative period and compared these patients to two control groups matched for(More)
We investigated the relationship between left atrial spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) and cerebrovascular features in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Few reports have been published to compare cardiac and cerebrovascular imaging in patients with NVAF. Forty-four patients with NVAF were studied using transesophageal echocardiography and non-invasive(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate the midterm results of transaortic stent-grafting for distal aortic arch aneurysms or proximal descending aortic aneurysms and the feasibility of this method for thoracic aortic aneurysm repair. METHODS Twenty-three patients with true distal aortic arch aneurysms or proximal descending thoracic aortic(More)
We developed a simple cooling method for spinal cord protection against ischemic injury during aortic surgery. The neuroprotective effects of our method were investigated using an animal study. Selective spinal hypothermia was produced by means of originally-designed cooling pads placed over the lower thoracic and lumbar vertebral column. Spinal cord(More)
Percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) has come to be applied for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and in the management of severe respiratory failure as well as severe heart failure. We investigated cerebral tissue oxygen saturation during PCPS in a canine model of respiratory failure using near-infrared spectroscopy. Animals were mechanically ventilated(More)
The effect of milrinone in the 16 postoperative shock patients of cardiovascular surgery was studied. The preoperative hemodynamic status were 12 of cardiogenic shock, 2 cases of chronic heart failure and 2 cases of unstable angina pectoris. The operative procedure were 8 cases of coronary artery bypass grafting, 4 cases of valvular surgery, 2 cases of(More)
Isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery is rare, and the surgical treatment is not established. We performed successfully total revascularization using arterial conduits (left radial artery and right epigastric artery) and present here the first report to our knowledge of a surgically treated case.
Precise measurement of Doppler estimated blood flow volume using the standard technique of flow-mediated vasodilation is not possible because the anatomic course of the brachial or radial artery goes against the principle of Doppler measurements that the insonation angle should be less than 30 degrees . The radial artery in the anatomic snuff-box area is(More)
A 68-year-old male with sudden back pain and cardiogenic shock status transferred to our ward. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed that the abnormal round shape string was in the left ventricular outflow tract. The continuity from the staring to the aortic valve was unclear. Intimal flap could not be detected at the level of the ascending aorta. Color(More)