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Mammalian oocytes are arrested at the prophase of meiosis before induction of maturation by the preovulatory luteinizing hormone (LH) surge. LH also promotes the survival of meiotic male germ cells in the testis. Because LH binds somatic cells, the mechanism underlying its regulation of germ cell function is unclear. We found that LH stimulates Leydig(More)
Although multiple follicles are present in mammalian ovaries, most of them remain dormant for years or decades. During reproductive life, some follicles are activated for development. Genetically modified mouse models with oocyte-specific deletion of genes in the PTEN-PI3K-Akt-Foxo3 pathway exhibited premature activation of all dormant follicles. Using an(More)
BACKGROUND In mammalian follicles, oocytes are arrested at the diplotene stage of prophase I until meiotic resumption following the LH surge. Recently, C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), encoded by natriuretic peptide precursor type C (NPPC) was found to suppress mouse oocyte maturation by promoting cyclic guanosine 5'-monophospate (cGMP) production in(More)
Optimal development of fertilized eggs into preimplantation embryos is essential for reproduction. Although mammalian oocytes ovulated after luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulation can be fertilized and promoted into early embryos in vitro, little is known about ovarian factors important for the conditioning of eggs for early embryo development. Because LH(More)
Leptin acts as a modulator of diverse reproductive functions, and recent studies have implicated involvement of leptin in the early embryo development in mammal. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of leptin and its receptor (OB-R) in mouse oocyte and preimplantation embryo, and to examine whether leptin influenced the early embryo(More)
Leptin is known to regulate diverse reproductive functions, and recent studies have implicated involvement of leptin in the early mouse embryo development. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of leptin and its functional receptor (OB-Rb) in mouse oocyte and preimplantation embryo, and to examine whether leptin influenced the early(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signals through its receptor tyrosine kinase (Trk)B to regulate the development trophoblast cells during peri- and postimplantation periods. Possible involvement of this signaling system in malignant human trophoblastic cell growth has not been investigated. Here, we found the expression of BDNF and neurtropin-4/5(More)
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) and polycystic ovarian syndrome are ovarian diseases causing infertility. Although there is no effective treatment for POI, therapies for polycystic ovarian syndrome include ovarian wedge resection or laser drilling to induce follicle growth. Underlying mechanisms for these disruptive procedures are unclear. Here, we(More)
Although ghrelin acts as a modulator of feeding behavior and energy metabolism in the central nervous system, recent studies have implicated the peripheral actions of ghrelin in reproductive tissues. Here, we investigated the expression of ghrelin and its receptor (GHS-R) in mouse oocyte and preimplantation embryos, and we examined the role of ghrelin in(More)