Kazuhiro Kawamura

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The mechanism by which glucocorticoids induce GH expression between embryonic days 18 and 19 (E18-19) in the fetal rat pituitary gland was examined with an in vitro organ culture system. Twenty-four hour incubation of E18 pituitary glands in serum-free medium containing either dexamethasone (DEX, 5-50 nM) or corticosterone (0.55 microM) resulted in a(More)
Stanniocalcin (STC) in fish maintains calcium and phosphate homeostasis, whereas mammalian STC1 shows a diverse tissue expression pattern with ovary exhibiting the highest level. Based on the known expression of STC1 in theca/interstitial cells of the ovary, we generated recombinant N-glycosylated STC1 protein and tested its ability to modulate granulosa(More)
BACKGROUND Shortly after stimulation by the preovulatory surge of luteinizing hormone (LH), oocytes arrested at the late prophase I resume meiosis characterized by germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), chromosome condensation, and extrusion of the first polar body in preparation for fertilization and early embryonic development. However, oocytes express few or(More)
Distribution and development of growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R) mRNA expression in rat brain and pituitary gland were examined using ribonuclease protection assay. In adult male rats, GHS-R mRNA levels were highest in the pituitary gland, whereas those in the hypothalamus and hippocampus were 57 and 30% of those in the pituitary gland,(More)
Although ghrelin acts as a modulator of feeding behavior and energy metabolism in the central nervous system, recent studies have implicated the peripheral actions of ghrelin in reproductive tissues. Here, we investigated the expression of ghrelin and its receptor (GHS-R) in mouse oocyte and preimplantation embryos, and we examined the role of ghrelin in(More)
Leptin acts as a modulator of diverse reproductive functions, and recent studies have implicated involvement of leptin in the early embryo development in mammal. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of leptin and its receptor (OB-R) in mouse oocyte and preimplantation embryo, and to examine whether leptin influenced the early embryo(More)
Hormonal factors secreted by embryos and reproductive tracts are important for successful development of preimplantation embryos. We found expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-4/5 (NT-4/5) transcripts at its highest levels in the blastocyst stages. The transcripts for their receptor, TrkB, were detectable throughout the(More)
Studies using animal models demonstrated the importance of autocrine/paracrine factors secreted by preimplantation embryos and reproductive tracts for embryonic development and implantation. Although in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) is an established procedure, there is no evidence that present culture conditions are optimal for human early(More)
Leptin is known to regulate diverse reproductive functions, and recent studies have implicated involvement of leptin in the early mouse embryo development. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of leptin and its functional receptor (OB-Rb) in mouse oocyte and preimplantation embryo, and to examine whether leptin influenced the early(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) acts through its cognate receptor tyrosine kinase-B (TrkB) to regulate diverse physiological functions in reproductive and other tissues. In normal and malignant trophoblastic cells, the BDNF/TrkB signaling promotes cell growth. Due to the highly malignant nature of choriocarcinoma, we investigated possible(More)