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The responsiveness of thyroid hormone responsive element (TRE)-containing promoter sequence to thyroid hormone (TH) was studied utilizing Xenopus laevis carrying a transgene containing 5'-upstream region of TRbetaA1 gene and green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene. EGFP-expression was seen first in neurulae, which continued to stage 45, then became weak, and(More)
Eukaryotic cells restrict protein synthesis under various stress conditions, by inhibiting the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B (eIF2B). eIF2B is the guanine nucleotide exchange factor for eIF2, a heterotrimeric G protein consisting of α-, β- and γ-subunits. eIF2B exchanges GDP for GTP on the γ-subunit of eIF2 (eIF2γ), and is inhibited by(More)
The eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2A (eIF2A) was identified as a factor that stimulates the binding of methionylated initiator tRNA (Met-tRNA i Met ) to the 40S ribosomal subunit, but its physiological role remains poorly defined. Recently, eIF2A was shown to be involved in unconventional translation initiation from CUG codons and in viral(More)
Tight control of protein synthesis is necessary for cells to respond and adapt to environmental changes rapidly. Eukaryotic translation initiation factor (eIF) 2B, the guanine nucleotide exchange factor for eIF2, is a key target of translation control at the initiation step. The nucleotide exchange activity of eIF2B is inhibited by the stress-induced(More)
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