Kazuhiro Kashiwagi

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BACKGROUND AND AIM Although molecular mechanisms underlying ulcerative colitis (UC)-associated neoplasms have been studied for years, understanding of these mechanisms remains incomplete and no good predictable marker for development of colonic neoplasms in patients with UC has been established. The aim of this study was to assess if microsatellite(More)
Chromosomal instability (CIN) is a common but not universal feature of colorectal cancer (CRC); however, the molecular basis for CIN is controversial and poorly understood. There are many plausible mechanisms proposed for CIN, including disruption of G1/S and G2/M checkpoint regulation, and alterations in the spindle checkpoint genes. However, mutations in(More)
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early stage gastric cancer (EGC) has improved the success rate of en bloc resection but results in perforation more often than does endoscopic mucosal resection. We report a novel technique of ESD using an external grasping forceps. A total of 265 lesions with EGC or gastric adenoma were enrolled in this study.(More)
The efficacy of conventional radiation therapy for gastric cancer is controversial. In this study, we evaluated the in vitro and in vivo effects of continuous low-dose-rate irradiation by I-125 seeds on different histological types of gastric cancer cell lines. Three human gastric cancer cell lines (MKN74, MKN45, and NUGC4) were treated with or without(More)
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been established as a standard treatment for early stage gastric cancer (EGC) in Japan and has spread worldwide. ESD has been used not only for EGC but also for early esophageal and colonic cancers. However, ESD is associated with several adverse events, such as bleeding and perforation, which requires more skill.(More)
A 37-year-old female presenting with oral and genital ulcers and erythema nodosum on both arms was diagnosed as having Behçet's disease. The symptoms resolved spontaneously. However, she was admitted to our hospital (Keio University Hospital) several months later because of fever, aphthous ulcers of the oral cavity, lower abdominal pain and frequent(More)
Polymyositis has been associated with various viral infections, and a spectrum of immune-related diseases may occur with hepatitis C (HCV) infection. Both polymyositis and HCV infection may be accompanied by pulmonary fibrosis. An association between polymyositis and malignancy has also been reported. We report a 55-year-old woman accompanied(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is more difficult for rectal cancer than for gastric cancer. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasibility and safety of an ESD procedure by using external forceps for early rectal cancer. DESIGN A case series. SETTING A tertiary medical center. PATIENTS Thirteen patients with early-stage rectal cancer were(More)
The eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2A (eIF2A) was identified as a factor that stimulates the binding of methionylated initiator tRNA (Met-tRNA i Met ) to the 40S ribosomal subunit, but its physiological role remains poorly defined. Recently, eIF2A was shown to be involved in unconventional translation initiation from CUG codons and in viral(More)
AIM Endoscopic hemostasis using hemoclips is useful, but there are technical difficulties because the angle of the approach is tangential. A transparent hood facilitates the observation and treatment of these lesions, and a shorter hood provides a wider visible field. Endoscopic hemoclipping of hard lesions with hemoclips of the conventional size does not(More)