Kazuhiro Kashiwagi

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Chromosomal instability (CIN) is a common but not universal feature of colorectal cancer (CRC); however, the molecular basis for CIN is controversial and poorly understood. There are many plausible mechanisms proposed for CIN, including disruption of G1/S and G2/M checkpoint regulation, and alterations in the spindle checkpoint genes. However, mutations in(More)
Eukaryotic cells restrict protein synthesis under various stress conditions, by inhibiting the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B (eIF2B). eIF2B is the guanine nucleotide exchange factor for eIF2, a heterotrimeric G protein consisting of α-, β- and γ-subunits. eIF2B exchanges GDP for GTP on the γ-subunit of eIF2 (eIF2γ), and is inhibited by(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is more difficult for rectal cancer than for gastric cancer. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasibility and safety of an ESD procedure by using external forceps for early rectal cancer. DESIGN A case series. SETTING A tertiary medical center. PATIENTS Thirteen patients with early-stage rectal cancer were(More)
Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B (eIF2B), a heterodecameric complex of two sets of the α, β, γ, δ, and ε subunits, is the guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) specific for eIF2, a heterotrimeric G protein consisting of the α, β, and γ subunits. The eIF2 protein binds GTP on the γ subunits and delivers an initiator methionyl-tRNA (Met-tRNAiMet(More)
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early stage gastric cancer (EGC) has improved the success rate of en bloc resection but results in perforation more often than does endoscopic mucosal resection. We report a novel technique of ESD using an external grasping forceps. A total of 265 lesions with EGC or gastric adenoma were enrolled in this study.(More)
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been established as a standard treatment for early stage gastric cancer (EGC) in Japan and has spread worldwide. ESD has been used not only for EGC but also for early esophageal and colonic cancers. However, ESD is associated with several adverse events, such as bleeding and perforation, which requires more skill.(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Although molecular mechanisms underlying ulcerative colitis (UC)-associated neoplasms have been studied for years, understanding of these mechanisms remains incomplete and no good predictable marker for development of colonic neoplasms in patients with UC has been established. The aim of this study was to assess if microsatellite(More)
Polymyositis has been associated with various viral infections, and a spectrum of immune-related diseases may occur with hepatitis C (HCV) infection. Both polymyositis and HCV infection may be accompanied by pulmonary fibrosis. An association between polymyositis and malignancy has also been reported. We report a 55-year-old woman accompanied(More)
A 37-year-old female presenting with oral and genital ulcers and erythema nodosum on both arms was diagnosed as having Behçet's disease. The symptoms resolved spontaneously. However, she was admitted to our hospital (Keio University Hospital) several months later because of fever, aphthous ulcers of the oral cavity, lower abdominal pain and frequent(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Colon capsule endoscopy has already been used for colon visualization and detection of polyps but its applicability to inflammatory bowel disease is still unconfirmed. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of evaluating the severity of mucosal inflammation in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) using a second-generation(More)