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BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by chronic airway inflammation that is greater in patients with advanced disease. We asked whether there is a link between the severity of disease and the reduction in histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity in the peripheral lung tissue of patients with COPD of varying severity. HDAC is a(More)
Inappropriate elevation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) is reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The object of this study was to identify the molecular mechanism underlying this increase of MMP9 expression, and here we show that oxidative stress-dependent reduction of a protein deacetylase, SIRT1,(More)
The molecular mechanism for the anti-inflammatory action of theophylline is currently unknown, but low-dose theophylline is an effective add-on therapy to corticosteroids in controlling asthma. Corticosteroids act, at least in part, by recruitment of histone deacetylases (HDACs) to the site of active inflammatory gene transcription. They thereby inhibit the(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs with little or no response to glucocorticoids and a high level of oxidative stress. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity is reduced in cells of cigarette smokers, and low concentrations of theophylline can increase HDAC activity. We measured the effect of(More)
Glucocorticoids bind to and activate a cytoplasmic glucocorticoid receptor. The activated glucocorticoid receptor translocates into the nucleus and binds to specific response elements in the promoter regions of anti-inflammatory genes such as lipocortin-1 and secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI). However, the major anti-inflammatory effects of(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is caused primarily by cigarette smoking, is a major health problem worldwide. The progressive decline in lung function that occurs in COPD is a result of persistent inflammation of the airways and destruction of the lung parenchyma. Despite the key role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of COPD,(More)
By contrast with patients with asthma, those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are poorly responsive to the anti-inflammatory actions of corticosteroids, and these drugs provide little clinical benefit. In both diseases, multiple inflammatory genes are activated, which results from acetylation of core histones around which DNA is wound. This(More)
Although amyloid beta (Abeta) oligomers are presumed to cause synaptic and cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease (AD), their contribution to other pathological features of AD remains unclear. To address the latter, we generated APP transgenic mice expressing the E693Delta mutation, which causes AD by enhanced Abeta oligomerization without(More)
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are key molecules involved in epigenetic regulation of gene expression. We have previously demonstrated that oxidative stress caused a reduction in HDAC2, resulting in amplified inflammation and reduced corticosteroid responsiveness. Here we showed nitrative/oxidative stress reduced HDAC2 expression via nitration of distinct(More)
Abnormal expression of TGF-beta1 is believed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of a number of chronic inflammatory and immune lung diseases, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and pulmonary fibrosis. Gene activation in eukaryotes requires coordinated use of specific cell signals, chromatin modifications, and chromatin(More)