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Temporal changes in cerebral blood flow induced by jaw movement have yet to be investigated. To assess the influence of pattern and intensity of muscle contraction during jaw movement on task-induced change in cerebral blood flow, we performed bilateral transcranial Doppler ultrasound examination during clenching, gum chewing, and tooth tapping in healthy(More)
BACKGROUND In the recent hyper-aged societies of developed countries, the market for soft diets for patients with dysphagia has been growing and numerous jelly-type foods have become available. However, interrelationships between the biomechanics of oral strategies and jelly texture remain unclear. The present study investigated the influence of the initial(More)
Summary  The purpose of this study was to compare the tongue pressure against the hard palate during the articulation of a monosyllable with that during swallowing. The participants were 20 healthy adults without swallowing or articulation disorder (10 men and 10 women, mean age ± standard deviation: 22·5 ± 0·9 years). Tongue pressure during articulation of(More)
Although effortful swallow and the Mendelsohn maneuver are commonly used in dysphagia rehabilitation, little is known about their effects on tongue-palate pressure production. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of effortful swallow and the Mendelsohn maneuver on tongue pressure production. Fourteen healthy volunteers (10 men, 4 women;(More)
Contact of the tongue against the hard palate plays an important role in swallowing. This study aimed to clarify the pattern of contact between the tongue and hard palate by analyzing tongue pressure produced in swallowing 15 ml of water by healthy subjects wearing an experimental palatal plate with seven pressure sensors. Tongue pressure was generated(More)
Although swallowing movement is known to change with aging, age-related differences in the tongue pressure for propelling a bolus from the oral cavity into the pharynx have yet to be investigated in a physiological condition. We hypothesized that tongue pressure during swallowing changed with aging and, using a 0.1-mm-thick sensor sheet with 5 measuring(More)
The tongue plays an important role in mastication and swallowing by its contact with the hard palate. Using an experimental palatal plate with 7 pressure sensors, and recording jaw movement using mandibular kinesiography, we assessed, in healthy subjects, the coordination of tongue and jaw movements during the entire masticatory sequence of solids, by(More)
The present study tested whether electrical stimulation increases the number of voluntary repetitive swallows in humans. In addition, the potential of initiating both voluntary and involuntary swallows was compared using electrical stimulation. Fourteen normal male adults were instructed to perform repetitive voluntary swallowing as quickly as possible over(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of chin-down posture and bolus size on tongue pressure during swallowing. Eleven healthy volunteers (7 men, 4 women; age range = 26-59 years) participated in the experiments. Tongue pressure during dry and 5- and 15-ml water swallows in neutral and chin-down postures was measured using a sensor(More)
PURPOSE The prosthodontic treatment of dysphagic patients may preclude favorable treatment outcomes due to uncoordinated or discordant oral and pharyngeal functions. Since optimal treatment requires a full understanding of the mechanism of oropharyngeal swallowing, this study seeks to describe the normal temporal pattern of tongue-, jaw-, and(More)