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BACKGROUND Although the benefits of the recommended level of physical activity on reducing chronic diseases are well-established, most of the Japanese population is not sufficiently active. Thus, examining correlates is an important prerequisite for designing relevant polices and effective programs. The present study investigated psychological, social, and(More)
AIM Cognitive impairment can negatively affect driving performance and increase the risk of driving errors, leading to vehicle crashes. We used a population-based survey to identify the prevalence of cognitive impairments in older drivers. METHODS A total of 10,073 older adults were enrolled in the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology - Study of(More)
BACKGROUND Although both insufficient physical activity (PA) and high screen time (ST) are independent risk factors for obesity, how the combination of sufficient/insufficient PA and high/low ST could increase obesity risk among the adult population of Japan is not known. This study examined joint associations of PA and ST with overweight among Japanese(More)
Although it is crucial to examine the environmental correlates of physical activity (PA) for developing more effective interventions for overweight populations, limited studies have investigated differences in the environmental correlates on body mass index (BMI). The purpose of the present study was to examine the perceived environmental correlates of PA(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between the use of senior center and health-related quality of life in Korean older adults. METHODS A questionnaire survey was conducted to two types of older adults who lived in Busan, Korea: 154 older adults who used a senior center and 137 older adults who did not use a senior(More)
Much effort and many resources are being devoted to rehabilitative programs for children with disabilities caused by neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy without clear evidence of the efficacy of such programs. We recently reported that rehabilitative training tasks during adolescence improve spatial learning impairment following neonatal(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-wide campaign (CWC) for promoting physical activity in middle-aged and elderly people. METHODS A cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) with a community as the unit of randomization was performed using a population-based random-sampled evaluation by self-administered questionnaires in the(More)
Our aim was to determine whether baseline measures of cognitive functioning, walking speed, and depressive status are independent predictors of limitations in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) in older adults. The cross-sectional study involved 1329 community-dwelling adults, aged 75 years or older. At baseline, the Mini-Mental State(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to develop a structural model for mammography adoption in Japanese middle-aged women by using constructs from the transtheoretical model (TTM), the theory of planned behavior (TPB), implementation intentions, and cancer worry. METHODS Questionnaires based on items including TTM, TPB, implementation intentions, cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Although the percentage of women who initiate breast cancer screening is rising, the rate of continued adherence is poor. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a tailored print intervention compared with a non-tailored print intervention for increasing the breast cancer screening rate among a(More)