Learn More
To elucidate the hidden dynamics of extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signalling networks, we developed a simulation model of ERK signalling networks by constraining in silico dynamics based on in vivo dynamics in PC12 cells. We predicted and validated that transient ERK activation depends on rapid increases of epidermal growth factor and nerve(More)
An organic solvent-tolerant monoclonal antibody specific to aflatoxins B(1), B(2), G(1), G(2), and M(1) (AFB(1), AFB(2), AFG(1), AFG(2), and AFM(1)) was prepared. In an indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) values were 1.9, 2.1, 2.1, 2.4, and 2.8 ng/mL for AFB(1), AFB(2), AFG(1), AFG(2),(More)
Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. (T. asiatica) has been utilized traditionally for medicinal purposes such as the treatment of diabetes. Currently, the extract is considered to be a good source of anti-diabetic agents, but the active compounds have yet to be identified. In this study, we investigated the effects of fractionated T. asiatica extracts on the(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a major neurodegenerative chronic disease, most likely caused by a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors. Information on various aspects of PD pathogenesis is rapidly increasing and needs to be efficiently organized, so that the resulting data is available for exploration and analysis. Here we introduce a(More)
Between 2004 and 2007 we examined foods from Japanese retail shops for contamination with ochratoxin A (OTA) and fumonisins B(1), B(2), and B(3). A total of 1,358 samples of 27 different products were examined for OTA, and 831 samples of 16 different products were examined for fumonisins. The limits of quantification ranged from 0.01 to 0.5 microg/kg for(More)
To evaluate a clean-up method of detecting ochratoxin A (OTA) by HPLC, the performances of two different clean-up columns, an immunoaffinity column and a multifuntional column were compared in an inter-laboratory study. As samples, un-contaminated wheat, corn grits, green coffee beans and naturally contaminated raisins were used. The recovery test was(More)
In cellular signal transduction, the information in an external stimulus is encoded in temporal patterns in the activities of signaling molecules; for example, pulses of a stimulus may produce an increasing response or may produce pulsatile responses in the signaling molecules. Here, we show how the Akt pathway, which is involved in cell growth,(More)
A detailed phenomenology of low energy excitations is a crucial starting point for microscopic understanding of complex materials, such as the cuprate high-temperature superconductors. Because of its unique momentum-space discrimination, angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) is ideally suited for this task in the cuprates, where emergent phases,(More)
We conducted a survey of aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, and G2, ochratoxin A, and fumonisin B1, B2, and B3 contamination in various foods on the retail market in Japan in 2004 and 2005. The mycotoxins were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, or high-performance thin-layer chromatography. Aflatoxins were(More)
The MIDA touch: A concise and highly convergent protecting-group-free total synthesis of (-)-myxalamide A involves a stereoselective vinylogous Mukaiyama aldol reaction of a vinylketene silyl N,O-acetal, together with a one-pot Stille/Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction using Burke's N-methyliminodiacetic acid (MIDA) boronate to connect left- and(More)