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Myocardial infarction is associated with increased TUNEL-positivity in cardiac resident and infiltrated cells. Apoptosis of proliferated interstitial myofibroblasts and infiltrated inflammatory cells may have a role in terminating tissue repair processes after infarction. Lateral and endocardial border zones of infarction within the risk area have frequent(More)
BACKGROUND Although carvedilol attenuates left ventricular (LV) remodeling in coronary occlusion-reperfusion, it is not known whether it attenuates ischemic LV remodeling because of coronary stenosis (CS) or permanent coronary occlusion (CO). METHODS AND RESULTS We administered a vehicle, carvedilol, propranolol (2, 10, and 30 mg/kg per day, each),(More)
OBJECTIVE Infarct size (IS) reduction by ischemic preconditioning (IPC) has been assessed in the heart in which coronary stenosis (CS)-induced chronic ischemia was not present. The aim of this study is to assess whether and how IS reduction by IPC is modified in the heart in which CS has occurred, and how further therapeutics, if any, modify it. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND It is not fully clarified how diabetes mellitus (DM)-induced cardiac dysfunction is associated with histopathological changes of the heart in a long lasting period of DM. METHODS AND RESULTS Eighteen weeks after a streptozotocin injection was given to Wistar - Kyoto rats (D rats), echocardiography and hemodynamic studies including the(More)
Coronary arteriosclerosis is an underlying condition in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and stable angina pectoris (SAP), and is also related to restenosis (RS) following coronary intervention. To investigate the pathogenesis of this condition, a quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction was used to(More)
Irreversibly injured cardiomyocytes are positive for terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase nick end-labeling (TUNEL), making it controversial as to whether TUNEL-positive cardiomyocytes induced by hypoxia–reoxygenation are apoptotic (secondarily necrotic) or primarily necrotic. We investigated the relationship between plasma membrane integrity and DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Z-Val-Ala-Asp(OMe)-CH2F (ZVAD-fmk), a tripeptide inhibitor of the caspase interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme family of cysteine proteases, may reduce myocardial reperfusion injury in vivo by attenuating cardiomyocyte apoptosis within the ischemic area at risk. METHODS AND RESULTS Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to a 30-minute coronary(More)
The pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy is unknown. The synergistic, or enhanced, effect of hypertension on pathological changes in the heart of diabetic patients has been highly suspected. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the myocardial changes related to diabetes mellitus with and without hypertension, using biopsy specimens. We examined the(More)
Conflicting data concerning the changes in basal coronary blood flow and nitric oxide (NO)-releasing capacity in chronic heart failure may be due to different phases or duration of heart failure. To investigate endothelium-dependent and -independent regulation of coronary blood flow in different phases of heart failure, coronary pressure-flow relationships(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined the morphological changes induced by repeated endothelial denudation in coronary artery (CA), as well as functional changes in the endothelium-dependent and smooth muscle responses to various vasoactive agents during the process of intimal thickening. METHODS We observed vascular responses in denuded and non-denuded portions of pig(More)