Kazuhiko Yamamura

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Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is characterized by the infiltration of lymphocytes into the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas (insulitis) followed by destruction of insulin-secreting beta-cells leading to overt diabetes. The best model for the disease is the non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse. Two unusual features of the class II major(More)
The class II major histocompatibility antigens, I-A and I-E, have been detected on the surface of certain immunocompetent cells, including B lymphocytes and monocytes. These molecules are involved in cell-cell interactions in the immune responses. Each class II antigen consists of two subunits, alpha and beta chains, and the genes encoding these subunits(More)
The NOD (non-obese diabetic) mouse spontaneously develops insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) characterized by autoimmune insulitis, involving lymphocytic infiltration around and into the islets followed by pancreatic beta (beta) cell destruction, similar to human IDDM. Genetic analysis in breeding studies between NOD and C57BL/6 mice has(More)
The transgenic mice were produced by injecting eggs of B6 and C3H/HeJ mice with the human E mu-myc gene. Preferential development of B lymphomas was observed in the B6 transgenic mice, whereas the C3H/HeJ transgenic mice developed mostly T lymphomas. The phenotypic activation of B lineage cells but not of T lineage cells was detected in the prelymphomatous(More)
Mast cells play a key role in the induction of anaphylaxis, a life-threatening IgE-dependent allergic reaction, by secreting chemical mediators that are stored in secretory granules. Degranulation of mast cells is triggered by aggregation of the high-affinity IgE receptor, FcεRI, and involves dynamic rearrangement of microtubules. Although much is known(More)
Mutations of DOCK8 in humans cause a combined immunodeficiency characterized by atopic dermatitis with high serum IgE levels. However, the molecular link between DOCK8 deficiency and atopic skin inflammation is unknown. Here we show that CD4+ T cells from DOCK8-deficient mice produce large amounts of IL-31, a major pruritogen associated with atopic(More)
Using transgenic substrates, we found that the immunoglobulin kappa gene 3' enhancer (E3') acts as a negative regulator in V kappa-J kappa joining. Although the E3' was originally identified as a transcriptional enhancer, it acts in a suppressive manner for recombinational regulation. Base substitution analysis has shown that the PU.1-binding site within(More)
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