Kazuhiko Tagawa

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Oct-3/4 (Oct-3/Oct-4/POU5F1) is a critical regulator of embryonic stem (ES) cell differentiation, though its role in tissue stem cells that persist in differentiated tissues has not been shown. Here, we show that Oct-3/4 is expressed in neurospheres (NS) composed of neural stem cells and neural progenitor cells and that up- or down-regulation of Oct-3/4 by(More)
Quantitative EEG data were analyzed statistically with respect to cortical cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen metabolism (CMRO2) measured by positron emission tomography in 47 patients with unilateral cerebral infarction. Relative value of the square root of average power was used as a percentage power fraction (PPF) for each frequency category. Power(More)
The reason why vulnerabilities to mutant polyglutamine (polyQ) proteins are different among neuronal subtypes is mostly unknown. In this study, we compared the gene expression profiles of three types of primary neurons expressing huntingtin (htt) or ataxin-1. We found that heat shock protein 70 (hsp70), a well known chaperone molecule protecting neurons in(More)
By using direct immunocytochemistry of BrU incorporated to RNA in the nuclei, we evaluated the effect of mutant huntingtin and ataxin-1 on general transcription in primary cortical and cerebellar neurons. Our quantitative analyses clearly showed that these mutant polyglutamine disease proteins repress general transcription. In addition, we found that(More)
DNA repair defends against naturally occurring or disease-associated DNA damage during the long lifespan of neurons and is implicated in polyglutamine disease pathology. In this study, we report that mutant huntingtin (Htt) expression in neurons causes double-strand breaks (DSBs) of genomic DNA, and Htt further promotes DSBs by impairing DNA repair. We(More)
The major component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid is a small polypeptide referred as the amyloid beta protein, which is derived from a larger precursor, amyloid precursor protein (APP). Cell fractionation and immunological studies on the APP molecule indicate that APP is localized either in the neuron and astrocyte and that the molecule is recovered from(More)
Nuclear dysfunction is a key feature of the pathology of polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases. It has been suggested that mutant polyQ proteins impair functions of nuclear factors by interacting with them directly in the nucleus. However, a systematic analysis of quantitative changes in soluble nuclear proteins in neurons expressing mutant polyQ proteins has not(More)
Perturbation of histone acetyl-transferase (HAT) activity is implicated in the pathology of polyglutamine diseases, and suppression of the counteracting histone deacetylase (HDAC) proteins has been proposed as a therapeutic candidate for these intractable disorders. Meanwhile, it is not known whether mutant polyglutamine disease protein affects the HDAC(More)
Mutations in the dysferlin gene cause muscular dystrophies called dysferlinopathy, which include limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B (LGMD2B) and Miyoshi myopathy (MM). To clarify the frequency, clinicopathological and genetic features of dysferlinopathy in Japan, we performed protein and gene analyses of dysferlin. We examined a total of 107 unrelated(More)
The dysferlin gene is defective in Miyoshi myopathy (MM) and limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B (LGMD2B). Dysferlin is a sarcolemmal protein that is implicated in calcium-dependent membrane repair. Affixin (beta-parvin) is a novel, integrin-linked kinase-binding protein that is involved in the linkage between integrin and the cytoskeleton. Here we show(More)