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BACKGROUND We evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of adding oral leucovorin (LV) to S-1 when compared with S-1 monotherapy in patients with gemcitabine-refractory pancreatic cancer (PC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Gemcitabine-refractory PC patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive S-1 at 40, 50, or 60 mg according to body surface area plus LV 25(More)
INTRODUCTION Uterine rupture is an obstetric complication associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. This disorder usually occurs with a scarred uterus, especially in a uterus with prior Cesarean section. Uterine sacculation or diverticulum may also lead to a thin uterine wall during pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION A 27-year-old(More)
Functional differentiation is found in the spinal cord. A unique set of neurological deficits follows a multi-focal injury. Clinically, sensory and motor disturbance present independently, often resulting in sensory and motor deficit dissociation. This study examined 103 spinal decompression illness (DCI) cases. The neurological deficit dissociation was(More)
We analyzed 17 cases of multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) to document the natural history of MCDK and its management. One patient was nephrectomied for respiratory failure associated with MCDK. Follow-up studies of 14 kidneys revealed that 5 kidneys (36%) did not change in size, 7 kidneys (50%) decreased in size. Two kidneys (14%) increased in size(More)
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