Kazuhiko Nakao

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BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) permits en bloc removal of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. However, postprocedure stricture is common after ESD for extensive tumors, and multiple endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) is required for recalcitrant cases. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of oral prednisolone in(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic steatosis is one of the histopathologic features of chronic hepatitis C. It was reported recently that the expression of hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein in transgenic mice induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in association with steatosis. The objective of this study was to determine the relation between hepatic steatosis and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In this study, we determined the frequencies of the genotypes associated with the polymorphism of the cytokines genes, and investigated their association with the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers. METHODS Genetic polymorphism in the cytokines TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, TGF-beta1, IL-6, and IL-10 were(More)
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is often diagnosed at later stages until they are incurable. MicroRNA (miR) is a small, non-coding RNA that negatively regulates gene expression mainly via translational repression. Accumulating evidence indicates that deregulation of miR is associated with human malignancies including ESCC. The aim of this study(More)
OBJECTIVES The role of host genetic factors in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is not fully understood. We studied the influence of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene promoter polymorphisms on disease progression in HBV carriers. METHODS The sample population included 213 Japanese HBV carriers and 52 healthy(More)
AIM The indication for hepatectomy is still controversial in elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We examined the clinicopathological features and survival of 188 HCC patients who underwent hepatectomy. PATIENTS/METHODS Patients were divided into four age groups: Age(<50) group (young patients <50 years of age, n = 9), Age(50-69) group(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) permits removal of esophageal epithelial neoplasms en bloc, but is associated with esophageal stenosis, particularly when ESD involves the entire circumference of the esophageal lumen. We examined the effectiveness of systemic steroid administration for control of postprocedural esophageal stricture after(More)
For the identification of susceptibility loci for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed in 963 Japanese individuals (487 PBC cases and 476 healthy controls) and in a subsequent replication study that included 1,402 other Japanese individuals (787 cases and 615 controls). In addition to the most significant(More)
Esophageal cancer is a common cause of cancer death worldwide. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the most predominant type. Certain microRNAs (miRNAs) function in tumorgenesis involved in important biological and pathologic processes. To reveal miRNAs' signatures of ESCC, we analyzed miRNAs extracted from ESCC cell lines with the microRNA(More)
OBJECTIVES Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has advantages over conventional endoscopic mucosa resection. The number of elderly patients (more than 75 years old) with early gastric cancer (EGC) has been steadily increasing. We sought to assess clinical outcomes of ESD for EGC in elderly. METHODS ESD was performed for patients with EGC, who fulfilled(More)