Kazuhiko Miyanaga

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We report the autopsy cases of two brothers which are pathologically compatible with Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD). Both patients had a late onset (at the ages of 29 and 42 years) and chronic neurological symptoms including tremor, ataxia and dementia. The T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the younger brother demonstrated increased signal areas(More)
Oil souring has important implications with respect to energy resources. Understanding the physiology of the microorganisms that play a role and the biological mechanisms are both important for the maintenance of infrastructure and mitigation of corrosion processes. The objective of this study was to identify crude-oil components and microorganisms in(More)
Green bottle flies occur frequently around human environments in Japan. Many species of green bottle flies have been studied with regard to their importance in forensic examinations or clinical therapies, but the bacterial communities associated with this group of flies have not been comprehensively investigated. In this research, 454 pyrosequencing was(More)
Microbial activities in brine, seawater, or estuarine mud are involved in iodine cycle. To investigate the effects of the microbiologically induced iodine on other bacteria in the environment, a total of 13 bacteria that potentially participated in the iodide-oxidizing process were isolated from water or biofilm at a location containing 131 μg ml−1 iodide.(More)
The housefly (Musca domestica) is an important host for a variety of bacteria, including some pathogenic and antibiotic-resistant strains. To further investigate the relationship between the housefly and the bacteria it harbors, it is necessary to understand the fate of microorganisms during the larval metamorphosis. The major bacterial communities in three(More)
Phylogenetic diversity of [FeFe]-hydrogenase (HydA) in termite guts was assessed by pyrosequencing PCR amplicons obtained using newly designed primers. Of 8,066 reads, 776 hydA phylotypes, defined with 97% nucleotide sequence identity, were recovered from the gut homogenates of three termite species, Hodotermopsis sjoestedti, Reticulitermes speratus, and(More)
Synanthropic flies have been implicated in the rapid dissemination of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and resistance determinants in the biosphere. These flies stably harbor a considerable number of bacteria that exhibit resistance to various antibiotics, but the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Endothelin-3 (ET-3) is a member of the novel vasoconstrictive peptide family, identified in porcine central nervous system. Intravenous bolus injection of 1000 pmol/kg of ET-3 in freely moving rats caused significant increases in plasma ACTH and corticosterone levels, almost equivalent to those of 100 pmol/kg of rat corticotropin-releasing hormone (rCRH).(More)
The effects of chronic (14 day) intracerebroventricular infusion of various amounts of ovine corticotropin-releasing factor (oCRF) on the circadian blood corticosterone rhythm in male rats were examined. Control (saline-infused) rats showed distinct blood corticosterone rhythms over 48 h with nadirs at 0900 h and peaks at 2100 h on days 6-7 and 13-14. oCRF(More)
Endothelin 3 (ET3) is a member of the novel vasoconstrictive peptide family, identified in the porcine central nervous system. The effect of ET3 on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in male rats was examined in vivo and in vitro. Intravenous bolus injection of 1000pmol/kg of ET3 in free moving rats caused significant increases in plasma ACTH and(More)
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