Kazuhiko Iwase

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A series of novel nikkomycin analogue inhibitors of the chitin synthase of fungal cell wall was synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activities. Among them, the compound having a phenanthrene group at the terminal amino acid was found to possess strong anti-chitin synthase activity.
Herein we report a scaffold-hopping approach to identify a new scaffold with a zinc binding headgroup. Structural information was used to give novel oxazolidinone-based LpxC inhibitors. In particular, the most potent compound, 23j, showed a low efflux ratio, nanomolar potencies against E. coli LpxC enzyme, and excellent antibacterial activity against E.(More)
We have developed a new program, SUPERPOSE, to superpose two molecules based on the physicochemical properties of functional atoms within individual molecules. SUPERPOSE treats a pseudo-molecule consisting of functional atoms instead of a real molecule. Four types of physicochemical properties--hydrophobicity, presence of a hydrogen-bonding donor, presence(More)
(-)-6-(7-Methoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-4-yl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydropyridazin-3(2H)-one (KCA-1490) exhibits moderate dual PDE3/4-inhibitory activity and promises as a combined bronchodilatory/anti-inflammatory agent. N-alkylation of the pyridazinone ring markedly enhances potency against PDE4 but suppresses PDE3 inhibition. Addition of a(More)
(-)-6-(7-Methoxy-2-trifluoromethylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-4-yl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydro-3-(2H)-pyridazinone (KCA-1490) is a dual PDE3/4 inhibitor that exhibits potent combined bronchodilatory and anti-inflammatory activity. A survey of potential bicyclic heteroaromatic replacement subunits for the pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine core of KCA-1490 has identified the(More)
Novel 1-trifluoromethyl-4-quinolone derivatives (8a,b) were synthesized, and the antibacterial activity of each was evaluated. An oxidative desulfurization-fluorination reaction was employed to introduce a trifluoromethyl group at the N-1 position as a key step. Among the derivatives, 8a was found to exhibit antibacterial activity comparable to that of(More)
A structural survey of pyrazolopyridine-pyridazinone phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors was made with a view to optimization of their dual PDE3/4-inhibitory activity for respiratory disease applications. These studies identified (-)-6-(7-methoxy-2-trifluoromethylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-4-yl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydro-3-(2H)-pyridazinone (KCA-1490, compound 2ac)(More)
The novel 1-(2-fluorovinyl)-4-quinolone-3-carboxylic acid derivatives Z-15a-c, E-15a-c, Z-16a-c, and E-16a-c, conformationally restricted analogues of fleroxacin (5), were synthesized, and their in vitro antibacterial activity was evaluated. A dehydrosulfenylation of a 2-fluoro-2-[(4-methoxyphenyl)sulfinyl]ethyl group was employed as a key step for the(More)
Ibudilast [1-(2-isopropylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-3-yl)-2-methylpropan-1-one] is a nonselective phosphodiesterase inhibitor used clinically to treat asthma. Efforts to selectively develop the PDE3- and PDE4-inhibitory activity of ibudilast led to replacement of the isopropyl ketone by a pyridazinone heterocycle. Structure-activity relationship exploration in(More)
We previously identified KCA-1490 [(-)-6-(7-methoxy-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-4-yl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydro-3-(2H)-pyridazinone], a dual PDE3/4 inhibitor. In the present study, we found highly potent selective PDE4 inhibitors derived from the structure of KCA-1490. Among them,(More)